Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.1, No.5, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 28, 2015
Bioaccumulation and Histopathological Alterations of Heavy Metals in the Liver and Kidney of Oreochromis niloticus Fish Collected from the Blue Nile
Pages: 224-228 Views: 2979 Downloads: 1511
Authors
[01] Haram Hassan Abass Bakhiet, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Science, College of Animal Production Science and Technology, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum North, Sudan.
Abstract
The study was conducted to investigate the occurrence and bioaccumulation of some heavy metals and histological structures of the liver and kidney of Oreochromis niloticus obtained from the blue Nile namely Suba area, Khartoum during summer 2013 and winter 2014. There are two plants for municipal waste water treatment in Khartoum. Those treatments plants are located at Suba (south of Khartoum) and Elhaj Yousif- (east of Khartoum North). The treated sewage effluent is used in irrigation of trees and other fodder cultivations. This is the situation as planned for but in certain situations like rainy seasons the sewage effluents find an access to the river water. Copper, Chromium, lead, cadmium and iron concentrations were recorded in water and tissues of Oreochromis niloticus from the Blue Nile River. Histopathological alterations in fish tissues were also studied. The concentration of: Copper, Chromium, lead, and iron were highest in liver and lowest in kidney tissue, while cadmium (Cd) concentrations were highest in kidney, lowest in liver tissue. Several histopathological changes were noted in liver and kidney attributable to heavy metals exposure.
Keywords
Lead, Cadmium, Oreochromis Niloticus, Histopathology
References
[01] Bernet, D., H. Schmidt, W. Meier, P. Burkhardt-Holm and T. Wahli, 1999. Histopathology in fish: Proposal for a protocol to assess aquatic pollution. J. Fish Disease, 22:25-34.
[02] HELLAWELL, J. M., 1986. Biological indicators of freshwater pollution and environmental management. Elsevier, London, pp. 546.
[03] HINTON, D.E. AND LAURE´N, D.J., 1990. Integrative histopathological effects of environmental stressors on fishes. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp., 8: 51–66.
[04] Iqbal, F., I. Z. Qureshi and M. Ali, 2004 Histopathological changes in the kidney of common carp, Cyprinus carpio following nitrate exposure. J. Res. Sci., 15: 411-418.
[05] Kakuta, I. and S. Murachi, 1997. Physiological response of carp, Cyprinus carpio, exposed to raw sewage containing fish processing wastewater. Environ. Toxicol. Water Quality, 12: 1-9.
[06] MASON, C.F., 1991. Biology of fresh water pollution, second. Longman, New York, pp. 351.
[07] McGlashan, D.J. and J.M. Hughies, 2001. Genetic evidence for historical continuity between populations of the Australian freshwater fish Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Atherinidae) east and west of the Great Diving Range. J. Fish Biol., 59: 55-67.
[08] Oliveira-Ribeiro CA, Belger L, Pelletiter E, Rouleau C. 2002. Histopathological evidence of inorganic mercury and methylmercury toxicity in the arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus). Environmental Research 90: 217-225.
[09] Sakr, S. and S. Gabr, 1985. Ultrastructural changes induced by diazinon and neopybuthrin in skeletal muscles of Tilapia nilotica. Proceed. Zool. Soc. A.R.E., 21: 1-14.
[10] SANDERS, M.J., 1997. A field evaluation of the freshwater river crab, Potamonauteswarreni, as a bioaccumulative indicator of metal pollution. M.Sc. thesis, Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa
[11] Thophon, S., M. Kruatrachuc, E. Upathau, P. Pokcthitiyook, S. Sahaphong and S. Jarikhuan, 2003. Histopathological alterations of white seabass, Lates calcarifer in acute and subchronic cadmium exposure. Environ. Pollut., 121: 307-320.
[12] Veiga, M., E. Rodrigues, F. Pacheco and M. Ranzani- Paiva, 2002. Histopathologic changes in the kidney tissue of Prochilodus lineatus, 1836 (Characiformes, Prochilodontidae) induced by sublethal concentration of Trichlorfon exposure. Brazilian Arch. Biol. Technol., 45: 171-175.
[13] Velkova-Jordanoska, L. and G. Kostoski, 2005.Histopathological analysis of liver in fresh (Barbus meridionalis petenyi Hekel) in reservoir Trebenista. Natura Croatica, 14: 147-153.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.