Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.1, No.2, Apr. 2015, Pub. Date: Mar. 14, 2015
Aloe Vera Used for the Protection of Earthworm
Pages: 10-15 Views: 2215 Downloads: 916
Authors
[01] Rajesh Kumar Singh, Department of Chemistry, Jagdam College, J P University, Chapra, India.
Abstract
Earthworm is life of soils. It regulates soils productivity, humidity and concentration of water, oxygen, minerals, temperature and pH. The life of earthworm is getting destroyed by application of artificial insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, various types of wastes and acid rain. These killer substances change physical, chemical and biological properties of soils and generate corrosive atmosphere for earthworm. These pollutants change the concentration of natural minerals which are present in soils by increasing the acidic character of soils. The acidic soils develop microbiological corrosion cell with earthworm and it oxidize carbohydrate, protein and fat into CO2, H2O, NH3, glycerol and organic acid. Corrosion reaction increases the temperatures of soils and finally kill earthworm. Heavy metals and gaseous pollutants come into soil by different medium which produce corrosive effect for earthworm. Pyrite ores of industrial area enter into soil to form acid that acid is corroding earthworm. These foreign materials contaminate soil and reduce the fertility of soil. Aloe Vera juice is applied to control the pH values of soils and protect the life of earthworm. The experimental work shows that Aloe Vera has capability to control the physical, chemical and biological parameters of soils and it also enhances the fertility and productivity of soil and protects the life of earthworm by corrosive pollutants. For this work soil samples are taken from the coal area of Jhariya district (in Dhanbad), steel plant area Chas in Bokaro district, urban area of Chak Beyriya in district of Patna and village area of Fulwariy-Tajpur in district of Chapra.
Keywords
Soils, Earthworm, Biological Corrosion Cell, Pollutants, pH, Aloe Vera
References
[01] Bloomfield JP, Williams RJ, Gooddy DC, Cape JC, Guha P (2006) Impact of climate change on the fate and behavior of pesticides in surface and groundwater, Science of the Total Environment 369, 163-177.
[02] Baxter RA, Gilbert RE, Lidgett RA, Mainprize JH and Vodden HA (1975) The degradation of PCBs by microorganisms, Sci. Toatal Environ. 4, 53-61.
[03] Balthazor TM and Hallas LE (1985) Glyphosate –degrading microorganisms from industrial activated sludge Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Bol. 51, 432-434.
[04] Arias-Estevez M, Lopez-Periago E, Martinez-Carballo E (2008) (Review), The mobility and degradation of pesticides in soils and the pollution of groundwater resources. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 123, 247-260. Eurasian Soil Science 39, 1271-1283.
[05] Chen G, Abichou T, Subramaniam PK (2007), Impact on surface charge density on colloid deposition in unsaturated porous media, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 302, 342-348.
[06] Celis R, Hermosin MC, Carrizosa MJ, Cornejo J (2002) Inorganic and organic clays as carriers for controlled release of the herbicide hexazione, J. Agric. Food Chem. 50, 2324-2330.
[07] Dekker LW, CJRitsema and K Oostindie (2004) Dry Spots in Golf Courses: Occurrence, Amelioration and Prevention, Acta Horticulture 661, 99-104.
[08] Eggleton J and Thomas KV (2004) A review of factors affecting the release and bioavailability of contaminants during sediment disturbance events, Environment International 30, 973-980.
[09] Eriksson E, Baun A, Mikkelesen PS and Ledin A (2007) Risk assessment of xenobiotics in stromwater discharged to Harrestrup A, Denmark Desalination 215, 187-197.
[10] Feng JC, Thompson DG and Reynolds PE (1990) Fate of Glyphosate in a Canadian Forest Watershed, 1. Aquatic Residues and Off-Target Deposit Assessment, J. Agric. Food Chem. 38, 1110-1118.
[11] Feng X, Simpson A, Simpson M (2006) Investigation the role of mineral-bound humic acid in phenanthrene sorption, Environmental Science and Technology 40, 3260-3266.
[12] Ghanem A, Bados P, Estaum AR and Mougin C (2007) Concentrations and specific loads of glyphosate, diuron, atrazin, nonylphenol and metabolites thereof in French urban sewage sludge, Chemosphere 69, 1368-1373.
[13] Gurses A, Karaca S, Yalcin M (2004) Determination of adsorptive properties of clay|water system: methylene blue sorption, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 269, 310-314.
[14] Lombardi BM, Torres Sanchez RM, Eloy P, Genet M (2006) Interaction of thiabendazole and benzimidazole with montmorillonite, Appl. Caly Sci. 33, 59-65.
[15] Wick LY, Shi L, Harms H (2007) Electro-bioremediation of hydrophobic organic soil contaminants: A review of fundamental interactions, Electrochemica Acta 52, 3441-3448.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.