Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.1, No.2, Apr. 2015, Pub. Date: Mar. 25, 2015
The Effect of Agricultural Practices on Growth and Yield of Black Mahlab (Monechma ciliatum)
Pages: 31-36 Views: 3125 Downloads: 1145
[01] Taha Mohammed Sharief Mohammed, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zalingei, Zalingei, Darfur, Sudan.
[02] Mustafa Mohammed Ali Elballa, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
Field trial was initiated to investigate the effect of sowing date and plant spacing on growth and yield of Black mahlab (Monechma ciliatum) so as to determine the optimum sowing date and appropriate plant spacing under the prevailing environmental conditions of Khartoum State. The field experiment involved a factorial combination of 4 plant spacing 10, 20, 30 and 40cm) with three sowing date. Data collected for vegetative growth included the number of days to 50% emergence, plant height, number of leaves, and number of branches per plant, fresh and dry weight per plant. Data for reproductive growth included number of days to 50% flowering, number of fruits per plant, weight of 1000 seeds and seed yield per feddan. All data were statistically analyzed. Results indicated that emergence (days to 50%) in the first sowing date (Autumn) was earlier than the second sowing date (Winter) and the third sowing date (Summer), and days to 50% flowering were less in late than early sowing dates. Also vegetative growth and seed yield were affected by sowing date and plant spacing. Autumn sowing gave higher values among plant spacing compared with Winter and Summer. Plant spacing had significant effect on vegetative as well as seed yield. Values were higher with wider than closer plant spacing i.e. plant at 40×40cm gave the highest values followed by 30×30cm, 20×20cm and 10×10cm. Seed oil content was affected by early sowing date. Higher values were associated with Autumn compared with Winter and Summer.
Fragrance, Magician, Dandruff
[01] Abdelmoneum MM. (2008). Cyto-toxicity and antimicrobial activities of Monechma ciliatum and Kigelia africana. Omdurman J. Phar. Sci. 1(4): 513- 522.
[02] Andrews, E. W (1952). The Flowering Plants of the Anglo –Egyptian Sudan. 2 Published by T. Buracle & Co LTD, Arboroach, Scotland.
[03] Ayoub SMH. (1981) Component fatty acids from the oils from Monechma ciliatum. Fitoterapia 2: 251
[04] El-Hassein, A. A. (1989). A study on The effect of Salinity and Sodicity on The Nutrient Status and Yield of Foster gape fruit (Citrus Paradisi macf). MSc. Thesis University of Khartoum, Sudan.
[05] Inga Hedberg and Frants Stangard (1989). Traditional Medicine in Botswana. Traditional Medicinal Plants. Ipelegeng Publisher Sweden.
[06] Lockely, G. C. (1980). Seed Science and Technology. (8). 3 Editors D. B. Mockany, F. Ader, A. G. Gorden and C. Hatin 23 – 244.
[07] Maheshwari, S. K; K. Trivedi (1989). Effect of Date and Method of Sowing on Grain and Oil Content and Oil Quality of Anise. Indian Perfumer. (33). 3; 169-173.
[08] Mariod AA, Aseel KM, Mustafa AA, and Ibrahim S (2009) Characterization of the Seed Oil and Meal from Monechma ciliatum and Prunus mahaleb Seeds. J Am Oil Chem. Soc. 86: 749
[09] Massey, R. E and Broun, A. F (1929). Flora of the Sudan.Thomas Murby and Co. London.
[10] Mohammed, A. A. (2000). Effect of Season, Plant Age, Cultural Factors on Herbage Yield and Alkaloid Content of Two (Catharanthus roseus) Cultivars. Ph.D. Thesis, Universityof Khartoum, Sudan.
[11] Mohammed, N. K. (1992). Response of (Datura innoxia L) and ( Daturastramonium L) to Fertilizer Treatment, Plant Spacing and Sowing Date. M.Sc. Thesis University of Khartoum, Sudan.
[12] Oshi, M.A.M; Abdelkareem, A.M; and Eltohami, M.SH (2010) Extraction, antimicrobial Activities, and formulation of the Sudanese Medicinal Herb (Monechma ciliatum). Thesis of M. Pham of Pharmaceutics, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman. 31
[13] Penva, P. T; Rasteniev Dni Nouki.(1984). Cultural Methodfor Medicinal Plants.Horticultural Abstracts.21(3): 39-44.
[14] Powel, C. A.; Peter, J. S. and Hangs, P. (1993). Plant Population Influence on Squash Yield, Sweet Potato white fly, squash sliver leaf and zucchini Yellow Mosaic. Hort Science. 28(8): 796 – 797.
[15] Ram, P.; Patra, N. K; Singh, H. H.(1998). Effect of Planting Date and Spacing on Oil Yield Components of (Tagetes minuta). Journal of Medicinal and Adromatic PlantScience. 20(3):742-745.
[16] Show, H. K. (1973). A dictionary of The Flowering Plant and Ferns. Eighth Edition. Cambridge.
[17] Uguru, M., Okwuasaba, A., Ekwenchi, E. C. and Uguru, V. E. (1998). Uterotonic Properties of The Methanol Extract of (Monechma ciliatum). Journal of Ethno pharmacology. 62(3): 203 – 208.
[18] Uguru MO, Evan F. (2002). Phytochemical and pharmacological studies on Monechma ciliatum. J.Ethnopharmacol. 73: 289- 292.
[19] Wickens, G. E. (1976). The Flora of Jebel Mara (Sudan Republic)and ItsGeographical Affinities. London Her Majesty'sStationary Office.
[20] Wilhelis, E. (1979). Development of Plant Population with Curlykale (Brassica oleraceae) Grten Bcawiss en Schalt 44(2):74 – 83.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.