Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.5, No.2, Jun. 2019, Pub. Date: May 30, 2019
Ecological Fertility Model of Grey-brown Soils Under Pacture in the Gobustan Massive of the Azerbaijan Republic
Pages: 65-71 Views: 53 Downloads: 23
[01] Matanat Mirismail Gizi Aliyeva, Department of Soil Biology, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of ANAS, Baku, Azerbaijan.
An application of the adaptive-landscape agricultural system directed to the durable activity of the natural and agroecosystems is possible by the agroecological evaluation of soils, system analysis, use of the modelling methods. Rational use of the pastures, restoration of the unfit areas and protection intensifying are prinsipal duties standing before the state considering an important role of the pastures in the environment protection and as a fodder base in the cattle-breeding development. The mountain grey-brown soils under pactures of the Gobustan massive in the Azerbaijan Republic were taken as a research object. A total area of the zone is 120970 hectares. The winter pasture areas from them are 76875 hectares. The ecological fertility model consisting of five blocks (ecology, soil composition, soil properties, plant, agromelioration) of the mountain grey-brown soils under pastures in the Gobustan massive was worked out based on N. N. Rosov, D. S. Bulgakov, L. L. Shishov, D. N. Durmanov, I. I. Karmanov’s methodic directions. The ecology block includes climatic and relief indicators of this territory. In blocks of soil composition and properties of gray-brown soils under pastures, data on the particle size and the organic composition of soils, as well as the agrophysical and agrochemical properties of the soils of the studied soils, are collected. The plant block contains geobotanical data on phytocenoses. Using this model together with the methods of rational use of pastures, it is possible to increase the productivity of Gobustan winter pastures and contribute to the development of cattle breeding in this region.
Fertility Model, Winter Pasture, Gobustan, Mountain Grey-Brown Soils
[01] Alifanov, V. M., Gugalinskaya, L. A. (2000). Monographic work on the functions of soil in the biosphere. Soil Science. 11: 1119-1142.
[02] Mammadov, G. Sh. (1985). Models of soil fertility in Azerbaijan SSR. Thesis of Resp. VII congr. of all-un. Assoc. Soil. Volume 4, Tashkent: 194
[03] Chendov, Y. G. (2002). New approaches to the study of the development of soils and agrolandscapes. Soil Science. 6: 750-765
[04] Kovalev, N. G., Balatbekova, K. S. (2002). Soil resistance of various landscapes from the Russian Federation to degradation during their agricultural use. Proceedings of the Russian Conference "Soil Resistance to Natural and Anthropogenic Effects". M.: 355-356
[05] Bayramov, M. A. (2002). Ecological model of fertility of pasture soils of Jeyranchol. Authoref. diss. cand.agric. Baku: 24
[06] Mammadov, G. Sh., Hasanova, A. F. (2003). Ecological model of pasture soil fertility of the Ajinour steppe. Baku: Science: 74 p.
[07] Iglovikov, V. T. (1971). Methods of experiments on hayfield and pastures. Part VI: 56
[08] Ramenski, L. T. (1971). Selected works (problems and methods of studying vegetation). L.: Science: 140 p.
[09] Tsatsenkin, I. A. and others. (1974). Guidelines for geobotanical and cultural - technical survey of natural grasslands. M.: 72 p.
[10] Rozov, N. N., Bulgakov, D. S., Vadkovskaya, N. N. (1984). Prognosis of the increase of soil fertility on the basis of working out of agroecological models. Reports VASKHNIL. 1: 3-5
[11] Shishov, L. L., Karmanov, I. I., Durmanov, D. N. (1987). Criterion and models of soil fertility, M.: 102 p.
[12] Shishov, L. L., Bulgakov, D. S. and oth. (1990). Modelling of soil fertility. Problems of soil science. M., Science: 78-83
[13] Karmanov, I. I. Bulgakov, D. S. (1996). Contemporary problems of the complex agronomic characteristics of soils. Soil Science, 9:.1119-1122
[14] Babayev, I. M. (2004). Degradation problems of soils of Absheron peninsula. Proceedings of the Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry. Volume XVI, Baku: 269-279
[15] Hasanova, A. F., Mustafayev, Y. Kh. (2005). Features of the soil under winter pastures. Proceedings of the Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry. Baku: 389-394.
[16] Huseynova, F. A. (1990). Natural landscapes of Gobustan. Authoref. diss. cand. geographic sciences. Baku: 24.
[17] Geobotanical research in winter pastures of Gobustan, (1992). Republican pasture research organization “Pasture”. Baku: 183.
[18] Tagiyev, E. N., Veliyev, S. S. (2003). Natural vegetation of the Absheron Peninsula and issues of its conservation. Abstracts of the scientific and practical conference "Assessment of natural resources and nature management". Baku: 119-122.
[19] National program on improvement summer and winter pastures of Azerbaijan Republic, (2002). Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources AR, Baku: 23 p.
[20] Aliyeva, N. A. (2003). Vegetation cover of Gobustan and ways of its restoration. Proceedings of the Scientific Practical Conference. Baku: 391-393.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.