Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.5, No.3, Sep. 2019, Pub. Date: Oct. 23, 2019
Composition and Use Period of Bird Fauna in Fish Ponds in Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Pages: 115-126 Views: 181 Downloads: 34
Authors
[01] Adrien Pokoso Kandolo, Higher Pedagogical Institute of Kisangani, Exact Sciences Section, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
[02] Bruno Monzali Mabenga, Higher Pedagogical Institute of Kisangani, Exact Sciences Section, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
[03] Taylor Baba Mambo, Biodiversity Monitoring Centre, University of Kisangani, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
[04] Dieudonne Upoki Agenong’a, Biodiversity Monitoring Centre, University of Kisangani, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
[05] Gedeon Ngiala Bongo, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
[06] Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Abstract
The present study was carried out between May 2 and April 9, 2016 in the the fish ponds at Kisangani city with the aim of determining the composition of the avifauna of the fish pond fauna and the seasonal period of their visit. The observations were performed with the naked eye or binoculars (brand Kite Forster 10×50 Waterproof Field 50 Japan). Results revealed 3305 individuals belonging to 85 species, 58 genres, 33 families and 14 orders. The Passeriformes order with 36 species is the most diverse. It is followed by Charadriiformes (10 species) and Pelecaniformes and Coraciiformes with 9 species each. The species such as Bubulcus ibis, Centropus senegalensis, Eyx picta, Corvus albus, Egrtta garzetta, Estrilda melpoda, Halcyom senegalensis, Hirundo rustica, Hirundo senegalensis, Merops variegates, Milvus migrans, Motacila aguimp, Ploceus cucullatus, Ploceus nigerrimus, Psalidoprocne nitens, Tringa glareola and Turtur afer, are permanent in fish ponds. Bird’s frequency on the fish ponds increases during sub dry and emptying periods. For Milvus migrans species, the migratory period extends itself from June till September, while it goes from August to November for Bubulcus ibis, Ardea purpurea, Egretta garzetta and Phalacrocorax africanus.
Keywords
Biodiversity, Waterbirds, Bubulcus ibis, Kisangani Eco-region, Congo Basin
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