Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.6, No.1, Mar. 2020, Pub. Date: Feb. 20, 2020
Yield of Vigna radiata L. and Post-harvest Soil Fertility in Response to Integrated Nutrient Management
Pages: 32-43 Views: 188 Downloads: 46
Authors
[01] Subrata Tarafder, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
[02] Md. Arifur Rahman, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
[03] Md. Ashraf Hossain, Soil Science Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh.
[04] Md. Akhter Hossain Chowdhury, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
Abstract
Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) aims at maximizing the efficiency of plant nutrient supply to crops through the better association of organic and inorganic sources to ensure sustainable agricultural production. A field experiment was carried out in Soil Science Sub-Station of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Gazipur during the period from August 2018 to February 2019 to find out the effects of different manures along with inorganic fertilizers on the yield and yield attributes of two mungbean varieties. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Results revealed that most of the growth, yield and yield contributing and nutritional parameters of mungbean i.e. , plant height, branches plant-1, pods plant-1, seeds pod-1, 100-seed weight, seed yield, stover yield, biological yield and post-harvest soil fertility significantly responded to the varieties and different treatments as well as combination of these factors. BARI Mung-6 significantly showed excellent results in case of number of branches plant-1 (5.30), number of pods plant-1 (34.75), pod length (8.39 cm), 100-seed weight (5.03 g), seed yield (1.75 t ha-1), harvest index (35.01%), and seed and stover yield ratio (0.54) than BINA Mung-8. Among the treatments, the combination of 3 t ha-1 poultry manure (PM) and 70% soil test based (STB) inorganic fertilizers was superior to other treatments for plant height, branches plant-1, pods plant-1, seeds pod-1, seed yield, stover yield and biological yield. Integrated nutrient management significantly influenced the post-harvest properties of the soils and improved significantly with the increased levels of integration of STB inorganic fertilizers and organic manures. The highest values of the soil parameters were obtained from the treatment 3 t ha-1 PM + 70% STB and 3 t ha-1 vermicompost (VC) + 70% STB and the lowest from the control. From the economic point of view, application of poultry manure @3 t ha-1 along with 70% STB inorganic fertilizers showed the highest cost-benefit ratio for both varieties. It can be concluded that BARI Mung-6 appeared as the better variety and poultry manure @ 3 t ha-1 along with 70% inorganic fertilizers should be applied for getting economically good yield and quality under the agro-climatic condition of the studied area of Bangladesh.
Keywords
Mungbean, Organic Manures, Seed, Stover, Harvest Index, Biological Yield
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