Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.1, No.5, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 9, 2015
Characteristics of Minerals and Vitamin B12 by Tiger Snails, Shellfish Snow, Meretrix meretrix
Pages: 186-189 Views: 2985 Downloads: 1262
Authors
[01] Nurjanah Nurjanah, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
[02] Asadatun Abdullah, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
[03] Taufik Hidayat, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
[04] Indah Yulianti, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
Abstract
Mineral and vitamin B12 are essential nutrients found in mollusks. The aimed study to determined the chemical composition, mineral and vitamin B12 levels in the tiger snails (Babylonia spirata L.), shellfish snow (Pholas dactylus L.), and meretrix meretrix (Meretrix meretrix L.) which represents by catched. Mineral content was determined by AAS (Atomic Absorption spectro photometry), whereas vitamin B12 was determined by HPLC method (High Performance Liquid Chromatography). Protein the most abundant components in all three samples, followed by carbohydrates, ash, and fat. Proximate levels in tiger snails meat was higher than the shelfish snow and meretrix meretrix. The highed content in all three samples was sodium, followed by potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium. Tiger snails have mineral content at similar amount. Shellfish snow contains at fairly good macro minerals and minerals containing iron and zinc which greater than the meretrix meretrix and tiger snails. Selenium was not detected in all three samples. Tiger snails contain vitamin B12 for 16.58 μg/l00g, meretrix meretrix 13.74 μg/100g, and shelfiss snow 5.04 μg/100g. Tiger snails, shelfish snow, and meretrix meretrix can be a good source of minerals and vitamin B12.
Keywords
Babylonia Spirata, Mineral, Shellfish, Vitamin B12
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