Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.1, No.3, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: Apr. 22, 2015
Flavonoids, Essential Oil and Its Constituents of Anethum graveolens L. Herb Affected by Nitrogen and Bio-Fertilizers
Pages: 105-109 Views: 2768 Downloads: 1051
Authors
[01] Hussein A. H. Said-Al Ahl, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St. (former El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[02] Atef M. Sarhan, Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
[03] Abou Dahab M. Abou Dahab, Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
[04] El-Shahat N. Abou Zeid, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St. (former El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[05] Mohamed S. Ali, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St. (former El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[06] Nabila Y. Naguib, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St. (former El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
Abstract
This study was to investigate the response of Anethumgraveolens L. plants to the nitrogen fertilizer (0, 20, 40, 60 and 80kg N/fed.) with or without bio-fertilizers (at 2kg/fed.) on the flavonoids content and essential oil as well as its chemical constituents during the vegetative stage (90 days after sowing). The recorded results showed that in the two seasons, treatment of 60kgN/fed. with or without bio-fertilizers gave the best values of volatile oil percentage and oil yield in the herb, Also, the most effective fertilization treatment on flavonoids content was 40 or 60 Kg N/fed., with bio-fertilizers. In the essential oil constituents of dill herb, all treatments showed α-phellandrene (42.44 to 66.39%)as the major compound followed by p-cymene(11.97to 18.39%) and limonene(1.42 to 14.25%)then -phellandrene (7.67 to 11.18%).
Keywords
Anethum graveolens L., Flavonoids, Essential Oil, Nitrogen, Bio Fertilizer
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