Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.1, No.4, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: May 28, 2015
Ecological Estimation of the Soil Useful for Vegetables in the Guba-Khachmaz Area of Azerbaijan
Pages: 137-141 Views: 2784 Downloads: 857
Authors
[01] Nigar A. Sultanova, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of ANAS, Baku, Azerbaijan.
[02] Yusif X. Mustafayev, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of ANAS, Baku, Azerbaijan.
Abstract
Ecological estimation from soil condition is one of the most important question of modern soil science. In the present article we are studying characteristics of soil ecological conditions and some types of soil in Kuba-Khachmaz zone. The ecological estimation of the soil under vegetables of studied territory was conducted on the base of own researches and data of literary sources. Assessment of the soils - their fertility, which can be expressed equitable and sustainable features characterizing the soil's ability to meet the needs of plants in mineral nutrition and water. Soil fertility is determined by their water and heat, gas and nutrient regime, and the composition and reaction of the soil solution, i.e, dynamic factors, depending on the climate and many other conditions [14]. In connection with unequal requirements of different crops to environmental conditions, primarily to soil, the task is to identify the qualitative assessment to quantify the differences between the soils in fertility in the natural, agricultural zone, with comparable levels of farming [11]. For the vegeculture powerful development in Azerbaijan there are exceptionally favourable soil-climatic conditions. We have been given the characteristics of individual soil types and subtypes are suitable for growing vegetables. Ecological assessment was carried out using private rating scales for individual soil characteristics. According to our researches, it was found that the meadow-brown soils are best for growing vegetables (85s.).While grey-brown soils are estimated 73 scores.
Keywords
Soil Fertility, Soil Valuation, Ecological Estimation, Vegetables
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