American Journal of Geophysics, Geochemistry and Geosystems
Articles Information
American Journal of Geophysics, Geochemistry and Geosystems, Vol.1, No.2, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: Jun. 17, 2015
Urban Sprawl Change, DEM and TIN Model of Madurai Corporation Area in Tamilnadu State (India) from 1980 to 2015, Using Remote Sensing and GIS
Pages: 52-65 Views: 3141 Downloads: 2139
Authors
[01] S. Tamilenthi, Dept. of Geography, Kalinga University, Raipur, India.
Abstract
In the last 35 years, there has been rapid change in the land use and land-cover aspect of Madurai city corporation area, Tamil Nadu state. The major change is the conversion of agricultural and forest lands into urban areas mostly in an un-planned manner making urban sprawl characterizing the urban change dynamics. The principal aim of this research is to apply satellite remote sensing data, and geospatial tools to detect, analyze and quantify the urban land use changes of Madurai city corporation area. Madurai city is located in Madurai District roughly in the central part of Tamil Nadu State in India. It is located between 9o45’ and 9o59’ N. Lat., and 77o58’ and 78o11’ E. Long. The ultimate objective of the research is to detect the land use/land-cover change of Madurai city corporation area from 1980 to 2015. Satellite images of Madurai Corporation at different periods, 1980, 1990, and 2015 were analysed. The software programs that have been used in this study to process, quantify, analyze and change detection are ArcGIS 9.3 and ERADAS 8.5. The change detection procedure enabled the identification of areas of significant change. The land cover-land use classes identified are forest, scrub, barren land, settlement, commercial and industrial area, water body, river and airport.
Keywords
Urban Sprawl, Madurai Corporation Area, DEM&TIN Model, Remote Sensing
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