American Journal of Geophysics, Geochemistry and Geosystems
Articles Information
American Journal of Geophysics, Geochemistry and Geosystems, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 21, 2015
Hydrogeology Investigation and Water Level Fluctuation in Hard Rock of the Man River Basin, Akola and Buldhana Districts, Maharashtra, India
Pages: 92-99 Views: 2532 Downloads: 1148
Authors
[01] Khadri S. F. R., Department of Geology, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati, India.
[02] Kanak Moharir, Department of Geology, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati, India.
Abstract
Ground water level fluctuation space to space (Spatial) and time to time (Temporal) is a major problem in India and the assessment of spatiotemporal characteristics water level fluctuation trend is very important in the point of view of future development. An RS technique can properly enhance hydrogeological surveys. Moreover, to have an intimate understanding of the changes in water level fluctuations, it is also important to relate them to the surrounding geomorphic, structural, climatic and geologic factors. This research serves two fold. The first one is to operationalize the use of RS and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) techniques to assess the change of water surface area in Man River Basin in Akola and Buldhana Districts. The second is to present and interpret the available statistical data on water level fluctuations. The area receives major part of the rainfall (about 45%) during South-West-monsoon period there are eleven rain gauge stations in the area which have rainfall recorded for more than 50 years. The normal rainfall for study area is 800 – 1200 mm. (source IMD). The seasonal fluctuation shows a rise in water level, which ranges from 3.5 to 16 m bgl. The water level is deeper in topographically elevated regions and shallower in plain surface terrain.
Keywords
Hydrogeology, GIS, Interpolation, Groundwater Level Fluctuations
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