American Journal of Geophysics, Geochemistry and Geosystems
Articles Information
American Journal of Geophysics, Geochemistry and Geosystems, Vol.1, No.4, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 12, 2015
Laboratory Method for Estimating Solute Transport Parameters of Unsaturated Soils
Pages: 149-154 Views: 3149 Downloads: 1341
[01] Kanzari S., National Research Institute for Rural Engineering, Water and Forestry, INRGREF, University of Carthage, Ariana, Tunisia.
[02] Hachicha M., National Research Institute for Rural Engineering, Water and Forestry, INRGREF, University of Carthage, Ariana, Tunisia.
[03] Bouhlila R., Laboratory of Modeling in Hydraulics and Environment, National Engineering School of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.
Modeling the contaminant transport process in soils requires the solute transport parameters. Displacement experiments were carried out on soil columns (Sand – Silt – Clay) by injecting a solution of 0.8 M KCl in a steady state. Breakthrough curves are symmetrical, characteristics of an equilibrium solute transport. The hydrodynamic dispersion coefficients were estimated by optimizing the measured breakthrough curves with the analytical solution of the advection-dispersion equation (EAD) by the software CXTFIT. The validations of the results were performed by a direct simulation with Hydrus-1D model. The estimation results were assessed by calculating the mean square error RMSE, the average geometric error GMER and the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test. Statistical analysis showed the success of the used method to estimate the solute transport parameters of the studied soils.
Soil, Displacement Experiment, Parameter Estimation, CXTFIT, Hydrus-1D
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