American Journal of Geophysics, Geochemistry and Geosystems
Articles Information
American Journal of Geophysics, Geochemistry and Geosystems, Vol.6, No.2, Jun. 2020, Pub. Date: Jul. 7, 2020
Identification of Sites Suitable for Rainwater Harvesting Structures in Budhil River Basin, H.P. Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques
Pages: 58-73 Views: 109 Downloads: 78
Authors
[01] Kuldeep Pareta, DHI (India) Water & Environment Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India.
[02] Upasana Pareta, Omaksh Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Greater Noida (West), Uttar Pradesh, India.
Abstract
Water is the most precious resource on earth which is necessary for the survival of life. Though Chamba is blessed with prominent monsoon with an average rainfall of around 2200 mm, it experiences water scarcity in off monsoon seasons. Features such as steep slopes and uncontrolled terrain speed up surface runoff and so much of the water received as rain goes unevenly. Water harvesting is the best technique, which can be effectively used to trap unused surface runoff and thereby increase groundwater recharge. But these structures have to be located in places where water is available in large quantities and the conditions are favorable for increased infiltration. The objective of this study is to identify suitable sites for water harvesting structures. Harvested rainwater is an alternative source of water around the world. Many researchers have developed and applied various methodologies and criteria to identify suitable sites and techniques for rainwater harvesting. We have used the morphometric analysis-based compound parameters (Cp), soil erosion and sediment yield index (SYI) to prioritize the micro-watershed (MWS) and identify the sites suitable for rainwater harvesting structures. Based on the analysis, it is found that a total of 10 micro-watersheds fall under ’very high’ and high category, in which 33 check dams were proposed specifically on 3rd, 4th and 5th order streams. Locations of water harvesting structures have been suggested by conducting meteorological and topographic analysis. However, for the practical implementation of these structures, other considerations such as feasibility of economy, social implications, practical feasibility, etc. should be considered.
Keywords
Morphometric Analysis, Soil Erosion, Sediment Yield, Harvesting Structure, Budhil Basin, RS/GIS
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