American Journal of Business and Society
Articles Information
American Journal of Business and Society, Vol.1, No.3, Sep. 2016, Pub. Date: Jun. 20, 2016
Preventive Detention and Section 54 of the Code of Criminal Procedure: The Violation of Human Rights in Bangladesh
Pages: 60-67 Views: 1675 Downloads: 2565
Authors
[01] Shashi Kanto Das, School of Criminology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[02] Md. Bashir Uddin Khan, School of Criminology and Police Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh.
[03] Md. Kamruzzaman, School of Victimology and Restorative Justice, Institute of Social Welfare and Research, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh; School of Criminology and Police Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh; School of Law, National University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.
Abstract
The violation of Human rights has started from very beginning of our civilization. Arbitrary arrest, detention and custodial torture by law-enforcing agencies have remained a persistent feature of our criminal justice system. These practices have been widespread in Bangladesh irrespective of the forms of government and successive governments have failed to stop this endemic problem. It is being made in culture of the violation of human rights through preventive detention and abuse of Section 54 of Cr PC all over the world, especially in the third world countries. It is sorry to mention that Bangladesh is one of them. The paper aims is to show how the rights violated through preventive detention and Section 54 of Cr PC, because it is mostly used for the violation of rights of an individual. This paper highlights definition, history, nature, rationality of preventive detention and our constitutional safeguards to protect the human rights. It also examines social necessity of the law of the preventive detention for our country with citation of the leading cases relating to preventive detention in Bangladesh, Pakistan and India. It also urges that preventive detention should be used sparingly only in exceptional circumstances.
Keywords
Human Rights, Preventive Detention, Suo Motu Rule, Wrongful Arrest, Bangladesh
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