American Journal of Educational Science
Articles Information
American Journal of Educational Science, Vol.3, No.2, Mar. 2017, Pub. Date: Dec. 13, 2017
The Role of HAfsids Dynasty in Development of Education and Its Educational Institute in Ifriqyah
Pages: 13-18 Views: 2367 Downloads: 1328
Authors
[01] Mohammadreza Shahidipak, Department of Humanity, Literature and Arts, History, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract
One of the major symbols of the human’s civilization is issue of the policy and leadership of education. Civilizational foundations of the education are some of the human’s establishments which have been created after urbanization developing and human society evolution. Islamic civilization is one of the communities that have established different educational systems and instructions among its nations and determined policy of education in medieval. Ruling by leadership of education is educational phenomenon of world history of education studied by any scholars and orientalists. There is In Medieval Europe, appearance of the universal stream of education along with Islam appearance. Islam has developed the policy of education in different dimensions and structures and created new texts, methods, management the scientific life of master and student, educational institutions and civilizational establishments for education. paper express an extensive and perfect example of the Islamic education in which textbooks, training methods and institutions have been mentioned and a portrait of a period of the Islamic education have been drawn. This era of the history of Islamic education that was established by Hafsids dynasty in Ifriqiyyah successors of Al-Mohads Empire has an especial position in the history and Leadership of education in medieval and early of renaissance Because it has an essential role in transforming science to Europe and establishing first educational institutions especially in Italy near borders of educational city of Tunisia, capital of Hafsids that it was leadership of education From the early of 1229 to 1574, and by leadership of education it succeed to continue the final period of classic civilization of Islam. Hafsids government first was ruled out all over Morocco and a small part of Andalusia but about of 1250 their territory was limited to Tunisia and eastern Algeria. The most popular and various kinds of training institutions were established during this period. Ibn Khaldon, Montesquieu of Arab and reviewer of Islamic education system who considered textbooks critical, graduated from this system. He analyzed fall of Islamic civilization in Andalusia and its flourish in Ifriqyah, by migration and transferring of Islamic policy of education from Andalusia to Ifriqyah, determined and proved the close relation between development and education.
Keywords
Education, Hafsids, Ibn-Khaldun, Tunisia, Policy
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