American Journal of Information Science and Computer Engineering
Articles Information
American Journal of Information Science and Computer Engineering, Vol.1, No.3, Sep. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 17, 2015
Energy-Efficient Routing Protocols in Presence of the Mobile Sink in Wireless Sensor Networks
Pages: 117-125 Views: 1334 Downloads: 510
[01] Bahadorani Mahjobeh, Faculty of Technical and Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran.
[02] Jamali Shahram, Department of Computer Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Wireless sensor networks (WSN) consist of small-sized sensor nodes and inexpensive short-range radio communication. One of the known features in wireless sensor nodes is the limited battery supply. On the other hand, replacing the battery in wireless sensor networks is difficult and often is impossible. Therefore, it is essential to employ an energy- efficient routing protocol for minimizing energy consumption in these networks. In this paper, we provide a deeper understanding of energy- efficient routing protocol for mobile sink. We describe the reduction factors of energy in wireless sensor networks. Moreover, the sink node mobility explain, which it is one of the most challenging factors in the energy consumption of these networks. Then, discuss a comprehensive survey about various energy strategies and protocols in the sink node mobility. These energy- efficient routing protocols can be class based on their performance, into two categories such as: source- initiated and sink-initiated. For each category, we present several examples of protocols. In each samples, protocol pay the sink node mobility and energy storage. Also, with comparing the protocols to each other, we can emphasize on the advantages and disadvantages of each sample protocols.
Energy-Efficient, Sink Mobility, Routing Protocol, Wireless Sensor Network
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