American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science
Articles Information
American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science, Vol.1, No.5, Dec. 2015, Pub. Date: Dec. 11, 2015
Students’ Disposition Regarding Theory X and Y Assumptions and Their Career Choice and Academic Performance: An Empirical Study
Pages: 140-146 Views: 800 Downloads: 303
Authors
[01] Mohamamd Tahlil Azim, Faculty of Economics and Administration, King Abdulazisz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Abstract
This paper is set out to observe the relationship between human disposition in the form of X and Y characteristics as assumed by Douglas McGregor and career choice and academic performance of the students in the context of Saudi Arabia. It is a cross sectional, quantitative study based on survey research through a structured questionnaire. A sample of 278 students was surveyed. For data analysis, descriptive statistics as well as independent sample T test and Multinomial logistic model were used. The study highlights that the student’s career option is strongly related to their psychological disposition. Students with X type disposition prefer government jobs over entrepreneurship or private sector job. It implies that for any entrepreneurship training program, the participants may be selected based on their X-Y disposition. As regard academic performance, the study also shows that the students with Y disposition evidently outperform their counterparts with X disposition. It suggests that the teachers should try to develop Y characteristics among the students through allowing them latitude on their studies, and assigning them with ambiguous projects and creative exercises.
Keywords
Theory X, Theory Y, Career Choice, Academic Performance, Disposition
References
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