American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science
Articles Information
American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science, Vol.1, No.5, Dec. 2015, Pub. Date: Dec. 11, 2015
Students’ Disposition Regarding Theory X and Y Assumptions and Their Career Choice and Academic Performance: An Empirical Study
Pages: 140-146 Views: 2528 Downloads: 3924
[01] Mohamamd Tahlil Azim, Faculty of Economics and Administration, King Abdulazisz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
This paper is set out to observe the relationship between human disposition in the form of X and Y characteristics as assumed by Douglas McGregor and career choice and academic performance of the students in the context of Saudi Arabia. It is a cross sectional, quantitative study based on survey research through a structured questionnaire. A sample of 278 students was surveyed. For data analysis, descriptive statistics as well as independent sample T test and Multinomial logistic model were used. The study highlights that the student’s career option is strongly related to their psychological disposition. Students with X type disposition prefer government jobs over entrepreneurship or private sector job. It implies that for any entrepreneurship training program, the participants may be selected based on their X-Y disposition. As regard academic performance, the study also shows that the students with Y disposition evidently outperform their counterparts with X disposition. It suggests that the teachers should try to develop Y characteristics among the students through allowing them latitude on their studies, and assigning them with ambiguous projects and creative exercises.
Theory X, Theory Y, Career Choice, Academic Performance, Disposition
[01] Azim, M. (2013). Entrepreneurial Behavior in the Context of Bangladesh: Lessons from A Few First Generation Entrepreneurs. Asia Pacific Journal of Management and Entrepreneurship, 2 (2), 10-30.
[02] Azim, M., Haque, M. M., & Chowdhury, R. A. (2013). Gender, Marital Status and Job Satisfaction An Empirical Study. International Review of Management and Business Research, 2 (2), 488-498.
[03] Bandura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., & Pastorelli, C. (2001). Self-efficacy beliefs as shapers of children's aspirations and career trajectories. Child Development, 72, 187-206.
[04] Bobic M. P. and Davis W.E. (2003). A kind word for theory X: or why so many Newfangled Management techniques quickly fail. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 13(3): 239-264.
[05], “The X-Y Questionnaire” retrieved from:
[06] Giacomin, O., Janssen, F., Pruett, M., Shinnar, R. S., Llopis, F., Toney, B. (2011). Entrepreneurial intentions, motivations and barriers: differences among American, Asian and European students. International Entrepreneurship Management Journal, 7, 219-238.
[07] McGregor, D. (1960). The Human Side of Enterprise. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1960.
[08] Mlambo, V (2011). An analysis of some factors affecting student academic performance in an introductory biochemistry course at the University of the West Indies. Caribbean Teaching Scholar, 1(2):79–92
[09] Pruett, M., Shinnar, R., Toney, B., Lopis, F., Fox, J. (2009). Explaining entrepreneurial intentions of university students: a cross-cultural study. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 15(6), 571-594.
[10] Sánchez, J. C. (2011). University training for entrepreneurial competencies: Its impact on intention of venture creation. International Entrepreneurship Management Journal, 7, 239-254.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.