American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science
Articles Information
American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science, Vol.4, No.4, Dec. 2018, Pub. Date: Oct. 25, 2018
The Effectiveness of Life Skills Training After Divorce on Mental Health and Social Adjustment among Divorced Women's in Shahinshahr
Pages: 51-56 Views: 316 Downloads: 187
Authors
[01] Shahrzad Kavianian Babaei, Department of Counseling, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr, Iran.
[02] Sayed Esmail Mosavi, Department of Counseling, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr, Iran.
Abstract
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of training the post-divorce life skills on mental health and social adjustment of divorced women in Shahinshahr city. The present study was an applied one in terms of objective and a quasi-experimental one with a pre-test and post-test and the control group in terms of data collecting method. The population of this research included all divorced women referred to the court in the city of Shahinshahr. Since the study of the entire population required a lot of time and expense, therefore, using the random cluster sampling method among the study population, first the areas and then the counseling centers were selected and next 30 people from these centers were randomly selected and assigned to experimental and control groups (15 individuals per each group). The experimental group received interventions of training the post-divorce life skills, while the control group did not receive any intervention. Data collection instrument included Bell's (1961) Social Adjustment Questionnaire and Drougattis et al’s (1973) Mental Health Questionnaire. The data obtained from the questionnaires were analysed using SPSS software through descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (ANCOVA). The results showed that training the life skills is effective on mental health and social adjustment in the divorced women. Other results of the present study showed that education of life skills after divorce on all components of mental health of depression, self-sickness, anxiety, obsession, interpersonal sensitivity, phobia, paranoia, aggression and psychosis, except paranoid, and all components of adjustment Social adjustment at home, health adjustment, job adjustment, emotional adaptation and social adjustment. Therefore, this study shows the importance of the method of teaching life skills after divorce on the dimensions of mental health, with paranoid component, and all dimensions of social adjustment of divorced women.
Keywords
Training the Post-Divorce Life Skills, Mental Health, Social Adjustment
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