American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science
Articles Information
American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science, Vol.6, No.1, Mar. 2021, Pub. Date: Aug. 30, 2021
The Short Term Effect of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction on Stress, Anxiety, Mood and Distress Among Medical Students
Pages: 1-10 Views: 592 Downloads: 84
Authors
[01] Senthilnathan Murugan, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[02] Vishaal Jayabala, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[03] Nanthini G Ragu, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[04] Poonam Thayalan, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[05] Siti Nurdeana binti Moktar Daidi, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
Abstract
As we know, there is an increased amount of stress and other factors in medical school. This does affect the well-being of students. We aimed to study the effect of mindfulness meditation on stress, anxiety, mood, and distress among medical students. A randomized controlled trial was conducted among 4th-year medical students of Melaka-Manipal Medical College. A total of 60 participants were randomized into meditation and control groups, with 36 participants in the meditation and 24 in the control groups. Self-administered questionnaires were given before and after a three consecutive day intervention to compare the results of stress, anxiety, mood, and distress among the meditation group and control group. The data was statistically analyzed using Epi Info(v7.2.0.1) and GraphPad(v8.0.0). Unpaired T-test and paired T-test were used to analyze the data. From our study, we found that there was no significant difference in the results between the meditation and the control group, pre-intervention and post-intervention wise. In the meditation group, there were no significant results post-intervention. However, there is a reduction in stress, anxiety and distress, and elevation of mood. In the control group, it was found that there was a significant decrease in anxiety levels on playing mobile games. There were no other significant results even though there is a reduction in stress, anxiety, distress, and mood elevation in the control group. To conclude, there were no significant results in stress, anxiety, mood, and distress in the meditation and control groups. However, we found that there was a significant decrease in anxiety in the control group.
Keywords
Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction, Stress, Anxiety, Mood, Distress, Meditation, Medical Students
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