American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Articles Information
American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol.1, No.3, Sep. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 20, 2015
A New Cycle for Combined Hydrogen and Power Generation
Pages: 90-101 Views: 4483 Downloads: 1580
Authors
[01] Ehsan Khanehabad, Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
[02] Abtin Ataei, Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
[03] Hossein Reza Darabi, Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
[04] Jun-Ki Choi, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio, USA.
Abstract
Hydrogen is being considered as an environmentally friendly fuel that has a potential to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels significantly. This paper presented a new cycle for combined hydrogen and power production in which, power is generated in a gas turbine cycle and the waste heat from the exhaust of the gas turbine is recovered to produce hydrogen in a five step thermochemical copper-chlorine cycle. The thermodynamic analysis of the combined cycle was performed by coding in Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software and was adapted to a combined hydrogen and power generation plant with capacity of 1 t/h hydrogen production. The results showed that the combined cycle may generate 174 MW of power, the energy efficiency may reach to 45% and the required helium mass flow rate is 48.58 kg/s.
Keywords
Gas Turbine, Copper-Chlorine Cycle, Power, Hydrogen, Combined Cycle
References
[01] Veziroglu T.N., Sahin S. 21st century's energy: hydrogen energy system. Energy Conversion and Management 2008, 49(7), 1820-31.
[02] Dincer I. Environmental and sustainability aspects of hydrogen and fuel cell systems. International Journal of Energy research 2007, 31, 29-55
[03] Orhan MF, Dincer I, Rosen MA. Exergoeconomic analysis of a thermochemical copper-chlorine cycle for hydrogen production using specific exergy cost method. Thermochimica. Acta. 2008, doi:10.1016/j.tca.2009.08.008.
[04] Bose T, Malbrunot P. Hydrogen: facing the energy challenges of the 21st century. Paris: John Libbey Eurotext, 2007
[05] Rosen MA. Advances in hydrogen production by thermochemical water decomposition: A review. International Journal of Energy 2010, 35, 1068-76
[06] Kothari R, Buddhi D, Sawhney RL. Comparison of environmental and economic aspects of various hydrogen production methods. Renewable and sustainable Energy Reviews 2008, 12, 553-63
[07] Evan BCR, Allen RWK. A figure of merit assessment of the routes to hydrogen. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2005, 30, 809-19
[08] Beghi GE. Adecade of research on thermochemical hydrogen at the joint research center, ISPRA. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy1986, 11(12): 761-71
[09] Funk JE. Thermochemical hydrogen production: past and present. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2001, 26(3), 185-90
[10] Pregger T, Graf D, Krewitt W, Sattler C, Roeb M, Moller S. prospects of solar thermal hydrogen production processes. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2009, 34, 4256-67
[11] Balta MT, Dincer I, Hepbasli A. Thermodynamic assessment of geothermal energy use in hydrogen production. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2009, 34(7), 2925-39
[12] Fletcher EA. Solar thermal processing: a review. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering 2001, 123, 63-74
[13] Balta MT, Dincer I, Hepbasli A. Potential methods for geothermal-based hydrogen production. In: proceedings of the international conference on hydrogen production (ICH2P-09). May 03-06, 2009, Oshawa, Canada: University of Ontario Institute of Technology. pp. 225-42
[14] Balta MT, Dincer I, Hepbasli A. Geothermal-based hydrogen production using thermochemical and hybrid cycles: a review and analysis. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2010, 34(9), 757-75
[15] Bertel E, Nuclear energy- the hydrogen economy. Nucl Energy Agency News 2004, 22:10-3
[16] Duffey R, Green atoms. Power Energy 2005, 2(2), 8-12
[17] Marchetti C. Long term global vision of nuclear-produced hydrogen. Int. J Nucl Hydrogen Prod Appl 2006, 1(1), 13-9
[18] Orhan MF, Dincer I, Rosen MA. The oxygen production step of a cooper-chlorine thermochemical water decomposition cycle for hydrogen production: energy and exergy analysis. Chemical Engineering Science 2009, 64, 860-9
[19] Orhan MF, Dincer I, Rosen MA. Energy and exergy analysis of the fludized bed of a copper-chlorine cycle for nuclear-based hydrogen production via thermochemical water decomposition. Chemical Engineering Research and Design 2009, 87, 684-94
[20] Orhan MF, Dincer I, Rosen MA. Thermodynamic analysis of the copper production step in a copper-chlorine cycle for hydrogen production. Thermochimica Acta 2008, 480, 22-9
[21] Orhan MF, Dincer I, Rosen MA. Energy and exergy assessments of the hydrogen production step of a copper-chlorine thermochemical water splitting cycle driven by nuclear-based heat. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2008, 33, 6456-66
[22] Orhan MF, Dincer I, Rosen MA. Energy and exergy analysis of the drying step of a copper-chlorine thermochemical cycle for hydrogen production. International Journal of Exergy 2009, 6(6), 793-808
[23] Naterer GF, Gabriel K, Wang ZL ,Daggupati VI, Gravelsins R. Thermochemical hydrogen production with a copper- chlorine cycle. I. Oxygen release from copper oxychloride decomposition. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2008, 33, 5439
[24] Lewis MA, Masin JG, O'Hare PA. Evaluation of alternative thermochemical cycles – part I. The methodology. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2009, 34990, 4115-24
[25] Lewis MA, Ferrandon Ms, Tatterson DF, Mathias P. Evaluation of alternative thermochemical cycle – part III further development of the Cu-Cl cycle. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2009, 34(9), 4136-45
[26] Polyzakis AL, Koroneos C, Xydis G. optimum gas turbine cycle for combined cycle power plant. Int J Energy Conversion and Management 2008, 49(4), 551-63
[27] Cengel YA, Boles MA. Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach (7e).1998
[28] Balta MT, Dincer I, Hepbasli A. Energy and exergy analysis of new four-step copper-chlorine cycle for geothermal-based hydrogen production. International Journal of Energy 2010 , 35, 3263-72
[29] National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), http://Webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/form-ser.html.
[30] Orhan MF. Conceptual design, analysis and optimization of nuclear-based hydrogen production via copper-chlorine thermochemical cycle: A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy in The Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Mechanical Engineering Program, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2011.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.