American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Articles Information
American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol.1, No.3, Sep. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 5, 2015
The Contribution of the Multiple Usage of Water Hyacinth on the Economic Development of Reparian Communities in Dunga and Kichinjio of Kisumu Central Sub County, Kenya
Pages: 128-132 Views: 3373 Downloads: 4044
Authors
[01] John Paul Onyango, Hospitality and Tourism Department, Great Lakes University of Kisumu, Kisumu City, Kenya.
[02] Monica Achieng Ondeng, Hospitality and Tourism Department, Great Lakes University of Kisumu, Kisumu City, Kenya.
Abstract
A native of South American ornamental plants, water hyacinth has clogged water ways in many parts of the world, causing immense losses to fishermen, water way users like lake transport and sports, and ecotourism activities. Control measures that have been put in place like chemical control, biological control, and mechanical control have not been fruitful, and some have proved lethal to water life. Harvesting of water hyacinth for the purpose of usage in producing goods for domestic use, farming, and agriculture has gained mileage due to economic development that communities derive from harvesting the weed. This study sought to establish the contribution of multiple usage of water hyacinth on the economic development of riparian communities in Kisumu County. Specific objectives were to assess the impact of organic manure from water hyacinth on economic development; the impact of bio-fuel from water hyacinth on economic development; the impact of art work from water hyacinth on economic development, and the effect of animal feeds from water hyacinth on economic development of the riparian communities in Kisumu County. Descriptive research design was adopted on a population of 600 beach unit management members with a sample size of 120 respondents selected using simple random sampling. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used for data collection and analysed through descriptive statistics using percentages and frequency counts. The study found that the community members use water hyacinth for making green manure, art work, and animal feeds. Biogas and related products are seldom produced from water hyacinth. The researchers concluded that biogas production required advanced technology, which the community members lack, and recommended training on relatively cheaper technology in the production of biogas.
Keywords
Water Hyacinth, Water Ways, Bio-Fuel, Animal Feeds
References
[01] Ayodo, T. and Jagero, N., (2012). The economic, educational and social responsibilities of elders development groups in lake Victoria region. Academic Research International, 2 (3):610-620.
[02] Bhattacharya, A. and Kumar, P. (2010): Water hyacinth as a potential bio-fuel crop. National Environmental Sound Production Agriculture Laboratory, University of Georgia, Tifton, GA 31794, USA, Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry 9 (1), 2010. [112-122]
[03] Chuang, Y-S., Lay, C-H., Sen, B., Che,n C-C., Gopalakrishnan,. K., Wu, J-H., Lin, C-S. and Lin, C-Y. (2011). Biohydrogen and biomethane from water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) fermentation: effects of substrate concentration and incubation temperature. Int J Hydr Energy 36:14195–14203.
[04] Chunkao, K., Nimpee, C, and Duangmal (2012). The King's initiatives using water hyacinth to remove heavy metals and plant nutrients from wastewater through Bueng Makkasan in Bangkok, Thailand. Ecological Engineering 39: 40–52
[05] EEA (2012). The impacts of invasive alien species in Europe. EEA Technical report No 16/2012. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2012. http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/impacts-of-invasive-alien-species (accessed 12 March 2013
[06] Gichuki, J., Omondi, R., Boera, P., Tom Okorut, T., SaidMatano, A., Jembe, T. and Ofulla, A., (2012). Water Hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms-Laubach Dynamics and Succession in the Nyanza Gulf of Lake Victoria (East Africa): Implications for Water Quality and Biodiversity Conservation. The ScientificWorld Journal Volume 2012, Article ID 106429, 10 pages doi:10.1100/2012/106429.
[07] Gunnarsson CC, Petersen CM (2007) Water hyacinths as a resource in agriculture and energy production: A literature review. Waste Man 27: 117-129
[08] Kateregga, E. and Sterner, T., (2009). Lake Victoria fish stocks and the effects of water hyacinth. The Journal of Environment & Development, 18, 62–78.
[09] Lu, J., Zhu, L., Hu, G. and Wu, J., (2010). Integrating animal manure-based bioenergy production with invasive species control: A case study at Tongren pig farm in China. Biomass Bioenerg 34: 821–827. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.01.026.
[10] Mironga, J., Mathooko, J. and Onywere, S., (2012). Effect of Water Hyacinth Infestation on the Physicochemical Characteristics of Lake Naivasha. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 2(7) 103-113.
[11] Mujingni, C., (2012). Quantification of the impacts of Water Hyacinth on riparian communities in Cameroon and assessment of an appropriate method of control: The case of the River Wouri Basin: The Case of the Wouri River Basin. Msc disseratation. World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden.
[12] Ndimele, P., Kumolu-Johnson, C. and Anetekhai, M. 2011. The invasive aquatic macrophyte, water hyacinth {Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solm-Laubach: Pontedericeae}: problems and prospects. Res J Environ Sci 5:509–520.
[13] Patel, S., (2012). Threats, management and envisaged utilizations of aquatic weed Eichhornia crassipes: an overview. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol (2012) 11:249–259. DOI 10.1007/s11157-012-9289-4.
[14] Polprasert C, Wangsuphachart S, Muttamara S (1980) Composting nightsoil and water hyacinth in the tropics. Compost Sci L and Uti 21: 220- 238
[15] Shanab, S,, Shalaby, E., Lightfoot, D. and El-Shemy, H., (2010). Allelopathic effects of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). PLoS One 5(10):e13200. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013200
[16] Téllez, T., López, E., Granado, G., Pérez, E., López, R., and Guzmán, J., (2008). The water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes: an invasive plant in the Guadiana River Basin (Spain). Aquatic Invasions 3, 42-53.
[17] UNEP, (2008). Africa Atlas of our changing environment Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA). United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi.
[18] World Agroforestry Centre, 2006. Improved Land Management in Lake Victoria Basin: ICRAF Occasional paper No. 7. Nairobi; World Agro Forestry Centre.
[19] Zhang, Y., Zhang, D., Barrett, S., 2010. Genetic uniformity characterises the invasive spread of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), a clonal aquatic plant. Molecular Ecology 19: 1774-1786.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.