American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Articles Information
American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol.1, No.3, Sep. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 5, 2015
Simulation and Optimization of a Wind/PV/Battery Hybrid Power System for a Commercial Building
Pages: 133-139 Views: 4288 Downloads: 2171
Authors
[01] Abtin Ataei, Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Renewable and Clean Energy, University of Dayton, Dayton OH, USA.
[02] Jun-Ki Choi, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Renewable and Clean Energy, University of Dayton, Dayton OH, USA.
[03] Reza Rashidi, Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
[04] Mojtaba Nedaei, Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
[05] Elnaz Kurdestani, Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract
This study dealt with a time domain performance analysis for a standalone wind and solar hybrid system in a commercial building. Wind and solar sources combined with an energy storage would provide a better system reliability and make it suitable for stand-alone applications. In this study, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NREL) Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewable (HOMER), was used to carry out the optimal design and techno-economic viability of the energy system. The simulation results demonstrated that the optimum structure for the hybrid energy system consists of 1.8 kW PV modules, a 1kW wind turbine, 2.5 kW inverter, and twelve 200 Ah batteries. The cost of energy (COE) is calculated to be 2.693 $/kWh, whereas the initial capital required, and net present cost (NPC) are, $31400 and $70358, respectively.
Keywords
Renewable Energy, Hybrid System, PV Array, Wind Turbine, HOMER
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