American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Articles Information
American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol.3, No.1, Jan. 2017, Pub. Date: Jun. 14, 2017
Aerodynamics Performance of a Variable-Speed Variable-Pitch Wind Turbine Blade Using the BEM Theory at Off-Design Condition
Pages: 1-7 Views: 1365 Downloads: 919
Authors
[01] John Sami, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
[02] Karim Khalil, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
Abstract
A small scale wind turbine blade is studied using blade element momentum (BEM) theory. A difficult goal in the implementation of the BEM theory is the correct representation of the lift and drag coefficients at post-stall regime. A method based on the Viterna equations is implemented for producing airfoil data at the post-stall regime and results are compared with various mathematical models. Results showed the high capability of this method to predict the lift and drag coefficients for airfoils, resulting in better power curve estimation. The implemented model for wind turbine load estimation is applied for a the variable-speed variable-pitch (VSVP) wind turbine and the results show a considerably increased in turbine annual energy production (AEP) about 16.78% compared with the NREL phase VI turbine.
Keywords
Variable-Speed Variable-pitch Wind Turbine, BEM Theory, Annual Energy Production, Post-stall Region
References
[01] A. Nikparto, and S. Meinhard, "Experimental Investigation of Film Cooling Effectiveness of a Highly Loaded Turbine Blade Under Steady and Periodic Unsteady Flow Conditions." Journal of Heat Transfer 139.7 (2017): 072201.
[02] A. Riasi, and P. Tazraei, “Numerical analysis of the hydraulic transient response in the presence of surge tanks and relief valves”. Renewable Energy, Volume 107 (2017), Pages 138–146.
[03] S. Sanaye, and A. Hassanzadeh, “Multi-objective optimization of airfoil shape for efficiency improvement and noise reduction in small wind turbines”. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 6(5), 053105: 2014.
[04] WWEA. Wind turbines generate more than 1% of the global electricity. Charles-de-Gaulle-Str, 5, 53113 Bonn, Germany: World Wind Energy Association; 2008.
[05] C. Lindenburg, “Investigation into rotor blade aerodynamics” ECN-C-03-025; July 2003.
[06] H. Snel, G J. Schepers, and B. Montgomerie, “The MEXICO project (Model Experiments in Controlled Conditions): The Database and First Results of Data Processing and Interpretation” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 2007; 75: p. 012014.
[07] M. Refan, H. Hangan, “Aerodynamic performance of a small horizontal axis wind turbine”. Journal of solar energy engineering. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME 2012; 134 (2), 021013
[08] A. C. Hansen, C. P. Butterfield, “Aerodynamics of horizontal axis wind turbines”. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 1993; 25: 115–149.
[09] R. E. Wilson, S. N. Walker, “Performance Analysis Program for Propeller Type Wind Turbines” Oregon State University 1976.
[10] N. N. Sørensen, J. A. Michelsen, S. Schreck, “Navier-Stokes predictions of the NREL phase VI rotor in the NASA Ames 80-by-120 wind tunnel” In: 2002 ASME wind energy symposium; 40. AIAA aerospace sciences meeting and exhibit. Reston, VA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. 2002.
[11] P. N. Duque, C. P. van Dam, S. C. Hughes, “Navier–Stokes simulations of the NREL Combined Experiment rotor”, AIAA Paper 99-0037, Proc. 37th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV 1999.
[12] S. Meinhard., and A. Nikparto, "A comparative numerical study of aerodynamics and heat transfer on transitional flow around a highly loaded turbine blade with flow separation using rans, urans and les." In ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, pp. V05CT17A001-V05CT17A001. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2014.
[13] A. Nikparto, and S. Meinhard, "Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Aerodynamics on Flow Around a Highly Loaded Low-Pressure Turbine Blade With Flow Separation Under Steady and Periodic Unsteady Inlet Flow Condition." In ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, pp. V05AT13A010-V05AT13A010. ASME, 2016.
[14] A. Hassanzadeh, J. W. Naughton, C. L. Kelley, and D. C. Maniaci, “Wind Turbine Blade Design for Subscale Testing”. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 753, No. 2, p. 022048). IOP Publishing, 2016.
[15] A. Hassanzadeh, and J. W. Naughton, “Design and analysis of small wind turbine blades with wakes similar to those of industrial scale turbines”. American Physics Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, 2016.
[16] R. Lanzafame, M. Messina, “Fluid dynamics wind turbine design: critical analysis, optimization and application of BEM theory”. Renewable Energy 2007; 32(14):2291–305.
[17] R. E. Wilson, P. B. Lissaman, S. N. Walker, “Aerodynamic Performance of Wind Turbines” Oregon State University, Report No. PB-259089, 1976.
[18] L. A. Viterna, R. D. Corrigan, “Fixed Pitch Rotor Performance of Large Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines” DOE/NASA Workshop on Large Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines, OH, 1981.
[19] G. P. Corten, “Flow separation on wind turbine blades” PhD Thesis, Utrecht University, January 2001.
[20] R. Lanzafame, and M. Messina, “Design and performance of a double-pitch wind turbine with non-twisted blades. Renewable Energy, 34(5), 1413-1420, 2009.
[21] A. Hassanzadeh, A. H. Hassanabad, and A. Dadvand, “Aerodynamic shape optimization and analysis of small wind turbine blades employing the Viterna approach for post-stall region” Alexandria Engineering Journal, 55(3) (2016), 2035-2043.
[22] J. L. Tangler, and J. D. Kocurek, “Wind Turbine Post-Stall Airfoil Performance Characteristics Guidelines for Blade-Element Momentum Methods”. 43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, no. NREL/CP-500-36900, 2005.
[23] H. Glauert, “Airplane propellers. In Aerodynamic Theory, Durand WF (ed.)”. Dover: New York, 1963; 169–360.
[24] L. Buhl, “A new empirical relationship between thrust coefficient and induction factor for the turbulent windmill state”. Technical Report NREL/TP- 500-36834; August 2005.
[25] J. F. Manwell, J. G. McGowan, A. L. Rogers, “Wind Energy Explained Theory, Design and Application” John Willy & Sons 2002.
[26] D. M. Somers, “Design and Experimental Results for the S809 Airfoil:, NREL/SR-440-6918, 1997.
[27] W. Richard, and J. Vesel, “Aero-Structural Optimization of a 5 MW Wind Turbine Rotor”, Master Thesis. The Ohio State University, 2012.
[28] G. Amirinia, S. Jung, “Along-Wind Buffeting Responses of Wind Turbines Subjected to Hurricanes Considering Unsteady Aerodynamics of the Tower”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 138, (2017) 337-350.
[29] G. Amirinia, S. Jung, “Time domain analysis of unsteady aerodynamic forces on a parked wind turbine tower subjected to high winds”. 8th International Colloquium on Bluff Body Aerodynamics and Applications, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 2016.
[30] A. Hassanzadeh, M. S. Bakhsh, and A. Dadvand, "Numerical Study of the Effect of Wall Injection on the Cavitation Phenomenon in Diesel Injector." Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics 8.4 (2014): 562-573.
[31] G. Amirinia, S. Jung, and P. Alduse, “Effect of different hurricane spectrums on wind turbine loads and responses”, American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) Conference 2015, Orlando, Florida, USA.
[32] G. Amirinia, B. Kamranzad, and S. Mafi, “Wind and wave energy potential in southern Caspian Sea using uncertainty analysis”, Energy, Vol. 120 (2017) 332-345.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.