American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Articles Information
American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol.4, No.2, Jun. 2018, Pub. Date: Jul. 20, 2018
Indocyanine Green as a Sensitizer for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell
Pages: 33-39 Views: 753 Downloads: 356
Authors
[01] Adrian Jones, Center for Nanotechnology, Department of Natural Sciences, Coppin State University, Baltimore, USA.
[02] William Ghann, Center for Nanotechnology, Department of Natural Sciences, Coppin State University, Baltimore, USA.
[03] Jamal Uddin, Center for Nanotechnology, Department of Natural Sciences, Coppin State University, Baltimore, USA.
Abstract
We report in this paper the photophysical characterization of Indocyanine green (ICG) dye and its application in dye sensitized solar cells. ICG is a water soluble, tricarbocyanine dye which forms noncovalent fluorescent complexes with proteins and as a result has been used for medical diagnostics through fluorescence imaging technologies. The ICG along with another cyanine dye (Cy 4) was used in this study. The photophysical studies performed included UV-vis, fluorescence, and lifetime measurements. The Cy 4 has two hydroxyl groups which serve as anchoring groups facilitating the attachment of the dye to the titanium dioxide nanocrystalline surface. They are therefore well suited for use as sensitizing dye in dye sensitized solar cells. There was no significant difference in the photophysical properties of the two different dyes deployed in the studies. The samples were also characterized used Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy. The current and voltage characteristics were measured and the short circuit current, open circuit voltage, fill factor, and the solar-to-electric power efficiency, subsequently determined. The efficiency of the ICG was 0.08% whiles that of Cy 4 was 0.11%.
Keywords
Cyanine, Dye, Indocyanine Green, Solar Cell, Titanium Dioxide, DSSC
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