American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Articles Information
American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol.4, No.4, Dec. 2018, Pub. Date: Dec. 23, 2018
Anthropogenic Disaster: Petrol Bomb Explosion Consequences Analysis in Bangladesh
Pages: 64-76 Views: 171 Downloads: 129
Authors
[01] Tazmul Ahosan Azad, Department of Emergency Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh.
[02] Irteja Hasan, Department of GIS and Earth Observation, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh.
[03] Raju Ahmmed, Department of Food Engineering, Dhaka University of Engineering and Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh.
[04] Milton Kumar Saha, Department of Disaster Risk Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh.
[05] Sharmin Jahan Moni, Department of Soil and Environmental Science, University of Barishal, Barishal, Bangladesh.
[06] Sumaiya Chowdhury, Department of Soil, Water and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Abstract
In the recent past, petrol bomb explosion in Bangladesh has been brought combat trauma to the innocent civilian. The purpose of this study is to explore the consequences of petrol bomb explosion and find out the probable solution to reduce its effect. The semi-structured questionnaire survey for primary and secondary data collection; focus group discussion and key informants interview method were followed. This research has been conducted in different city of Bangladesh between 1st January 2016 and 30th June 2016. A total 200 respondents were purposively selected in order to face to face interview. In addition to, 10 focus group discussion and 20 key informant interviews were performed to collect qualitative information. The secondary data was collected from secondary sources. Over 95 percent of the respondents reported that the hartal/aborodh (Strike/Blockade) was the major cause of petrol bomb explosions and 87 percent was reported about the establishing political dominance. Petrol bomb explosion has a significant impact on economic, social, and health sector. The economic impact has mainly resulted in individual level (96 percent), 87 percent on Government sector, and 80 percent on the industrial sector. Besides this, social consequences have increased the criminal activity (86 percent) and the unemployment rate (78 percent) as well as created fear/anxiety (73 percent) in the society. Additionally, the major health impact on the burn (98 percent), death (85 percent), and post-traumatic stress disorder (77 percent). Therefore, the establishment of stabilizing political practices, publicized agreement on expected electoral conduct, protection of democratic space for opposition parties and civil society, and strong local and international election monitoring procedure will helpful to reduce the political violence.
Keywords
Anthropogenic, Disaster, Petrol Bomb, Violence, Bangladesh
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