American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Articles Information
American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol.1, No.1, May 2015, Pub. Date: May 28, 2015
Calcium Oxide (Cao) as an Energy Source
Pages: 16-20 Views: 4296 Downloads: 4598
Authors
[01] Muneeb Saadi, Fazaia Degree College, Risalpur Cantonment, KPK, Pakistan.
[02] Bilal Isa Khan, Fazaia Degree College, Risalpur Cantonment, KPK, Pakistan.
[03] Ghazala Nosheen, HoD Chemistry, Fazaia Degree College, Risalpur Cantonment, KPK, Pakistan.
Abstract
A non-conventional source of energy is needed to minimize pollution and make it eco-friendly. Efforts are being done in the discipline of eco-friendly energy sources. The current project is a part of that hunt. In the current project heat is gained by the exothermic reaction of CaO (quick lime) with water. The project uses a thermoelectric generator made of copper and cupric oxide junction known as thermocouple. The heat produced by the above reaction will produce a temperature gradient and will produce current. The product formed is calcium hydroxide (Ca (OH)2) which can be used in many industries. So no harmful waste products are formed during the reaction. The reaction occurs in a thermally insulated tube. The efficiency of above reaction is about 90%. Although the efficiency of thermocouple ranges from 6-8% but the price of CaO is extremely low as compared to other fuels and there is no mechanical loss as heat is directly converted into electricity.
Keywords
Pollution, Energy, Cao, Low-Cost
References
[01] Sheikh MA. (2010). Energy and renewable energy scenario of Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14 (1). 354-63.
[02] Zweibel K. (2010). Should solar photovoltaic bed deployed sooner because of long operating life at low, predicable cost? Energy Policy, 38, 7519-30.
[03] Memon, N., 2012, Disasters in South Asia - A Regional Perspective, Pakistan Institute of Labour Education and Research, Print vision, Karachi, Pakistan.
[04] Quarentelly, 1985, ‘Definition of Disaster’, from viewed 10 December 2013, from http://www.cyen.org/innovaeditor/assets/Disaster_Management_Notes_and_Questions.pdf
[05] Robinson, S.L, & Bennet, R. J., 1995, ’A typology of Deviant workplace behaviors: A multidimensional scaling study’, The academy of management journal, 38(2), 555 – 572.
[06] Sheikh M A. (2009). Renewable energy resource potential in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 19(9) 2696-702.
[07] Asif M. (2009). Sustainable energy options for Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 13(4). 903-9.
[08] Gondal I.A, Sahir M. (2008). The potential of renewable hydrogen production in Pakistan. Science and Technology Vision, 6(10), 68-81.
[09] Vries BJ, Vuuren DPV, Hoogwijk MM. (2007). Renewable energy sources, their global potential for the first-half of the 21st century at a global level: an integrated approach. Energy Policy, 35(4), 2590-610.
[10] PMD. (2004). Feasibility report of the establishment of commercial wind power plant of 18 MW at Gharo, Pakistan Meteorological Department, (PMD), Islamabad.
[11] Boyle G. (2004). Renewable energy. UK Oxford University Press.
[12] Maroto-Valer MM, Ahmed N. (2003). Status and outlook of solar energy use in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 7(6), 501-14.
[13] Rajal, Dougar MG, AbroRS (1996). Solar energy applications in Pakistan. Renewable Energy, 9(1-4), 1128-31.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.