American Journal of Social Science Research
Articles Information
American Journal of Social Science Research, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jun. 24, 2015
The Past and Present Trends of the Urdu Literature Collectively with Its Derivation and Geographic Circulation
Pages: 136-140 Views: 1348 Downloads: 1021
Authors
[01] Robina Kausar, Department of Urdu, Government Islamia College for Women, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
[02] Muhammad Sarwar, Department of Plant Protection, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology (NIAB), Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
[03] Muhammad Shabbir, Department of Statistics, Government College for Boys, Chak Jhumra, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Abstract
The history of any literature is the chronological progress of its writings in prose or poetry that endeavors to give amusement, clarification or education to the persons who read, pay attention or view it, as well as the advancement of the literary techniques utilized in the communication of these sections. This article includes history of Urdu literature coupled with this is the work relating to production of knowledge for making available on Urdu language with stress on technological development as well as knowledge of ideas evolved in the modern context. Urdu literature has an enormous field of massive knowledge and rich literary work by well-known writers and poets. Basically, Urdu literature has drawn a lot of inspiration from other literatures and even now a day’s many words in Urdu are belonging to Persian, Arabic as well as Turkish languages. As a result, Urdu literature can be said combination of the richest languages due to a unique intermingle of other languages in it. The sophistication and stylishness of Urdu literature is owing to its wealthy vocabulary. The vocabulary of Urdu literature has a huge reserve of literary words that are extremely momentous, outstanding and striking. With a few major exceptions, the Urdu literature is the work of Muslim writers who take their themes from the life of the subcontinent. Poetry written in Urdu flourished from the 16th century, but no real prose literature developed until the 19th century, despite the fact that histories and religious prose treatises are known from the 14th century. More colloquial forms of writing gradually displaced the classically ornate literary Urdu in the 19th century. In the 20th century, Urdu literature has been stimulated by nationalist, pan-Islamic and socialist feelings, and writers from the Punjab began to contribute more than those from the traditional Urdu areas of the subcontinent. Amir Khusro exercised a great influence on the initial growth of not only Urdu literature, but also to the language itself, which only truly took shape as distinguished from Perso-Arabic script around in the 14th century. Urdu literature has generally composed more of poetry than of prose, therefore, it is said that the Urdu language acquired the status of a literary language due to the contributions of earlier Muslim writers and poets.
Keywords
Urdu, Literature, Civilization, Urdu History, Literary Movements, Progressive Movement
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