American Journal of Social Science Research
Articles Information
American Journal of Social Science Research, Vol.1, No.5, Dec. 2015, Pub. Date: Sep. 26, 2015
Investigating the Relationship Between Literacy and Health Level in Rural Women Case Study; The Rural Women of Kermanshah, Iran
Pages: 282-289 Views: 937 Downloads: 420
Authors
[01] Habil Heidarkhani, Department of Sociology, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
[02] Sepideh Hazrati, Department of Sociology, Dehaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dehaghan, Iran.
[03] Zahra Alizadeh, Department of Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract
Health promotion and protection of public health is an important element of a society's development. Considering women's health is important as the foundation of families' and societies' health. Women's health includes physical, psychological, social, cultural, emotional and spiritual well-being influenced by physiological, social, economic and political factors. One of the most important social factors affecting women's health is literacy or education level. This factor is very important especially among rural women as those having less accessibility to various facilities. The present study is an applied, extensive, micro level and a cross-sectional study. The research's methodology is field study performed with survey techniques by using questionnaire in order to collect data. The statistical population in this study consists all upper 18-aged rural women in Kermanshah, which 382 subjects of them were studied using multi-stage sampling as the case study. The findings suggest that there is a significant relationship between women's literacy and health level in all aspects. This means that as women's literacy level is increased and various modern technologies are used, physical problems, social dysfunction, depression, anxiety and insomnia/sleeplessness is reduced. As a result, as the levels of education or literacy are enhanced, women's health will have a significant increase in all dimensions. It is essential that authorities in the field of women's health do not only concentrate their programs on urban health, rural health should be paid more attention. They also should provide higher levels of education and familiarity with new technologies for rural women.
Keywords
Health, Women's Health, Education/Literacy, Rural Women, Technology
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