Bioscience and Bioengineering
Articles Information
Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jun. 30, 2015
Mite Pests (Acari) in Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Plantations and Implementation of Control Strategy
Pages: 41-47 Views: 1315 Downloads: 1892
Authors
[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Abstract
This publication describes the major mite pests of mango (Mangifera indica L.), gives their identifying characteristics, control methods and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. Mango is a leading fruit and without hesitation it is among the greatest essential fruits developed in our world. It is indeed a fruit with an enormous monetary prospective that can be vastly profitable to the growers. Mango is attacked by various types of maladies causing serious problems, among which are the arthropods including mite pests which bear 4 pairs of legs contrary to insects having 3 pairs of legs. The most important mite pests attacking on mango are Mango Bud mite Eriophyes mangiferae (Sayed), Red mite Aceria mangiferae Sayed, Spider mite Oligonychus mangiferus (Rhaman and Sapra), Broad mite Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) and Erinose mite Aceria litchii (Keiffer). These species of mites primarily infest to the surface of leaves and remove leaf juices causing a stippling or etching of the host. The attacked leaves frequently become reddish or bronze in color, may drop and yield can be greatly reduced. The feedings of these mites lead to physiological problems within cell sap for ensuing the irregular development, and additionally the origin of damage also provides entry site for the fungus resulting nutritional dis-balance in the various plant parts. In this context, the orchards may be checked quite repeatedly for any malady from time to time and good orchard management practices occupy paramount importance and play a vital role in checking of pests. Pruning of the affected twigs and application of acaricides may reduce the extent of the damage. Certain, resistant varieties can sustain only very small mite colonies, whereas the use of integrated mite management strategies including their relative advantages and limitations may eliminate the extent of the damage.
Keywords
Acarine, Mite, Pest, Pathogens, Disease, Mango, Fruit, Control, Orchard
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