Bioscience and Bioengineering
Articles Information
Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.1, No.1, Apr. 2015, Pub. Date: Apr. 8, 2015
Bio-Mineralization and Bacterial Carbonate Precipitation in Mortar and Concrete
Pages: 5-11 Views: 2224 Downloads: 3834
[01] Rajesh K. Verma, Bio concrete Laboratory, Environmental Science and Technology Group, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, India.
[02] Leena Chaurasia, Bio concrete Laboratory, Environmental Science and Technology Group, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, India.
[03] Vishakha Bisht, Bio concrete Laboratory, Environmental Science and Technology Group, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, India.
[04] Manisha Thakur, Bio concrete Laboratory, Environmental Science and Technology Group, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, India.
Mortar and concrete are the most widely used building materials all over the world as they are cheap, easily available and convenient to cast. But crack in these materials is a common phenomenon during its service life due to many reasons, if unattended timely, will result in long-term structural deterioration with high level of risk and maintenance cost. Currently, epoxy, resins, epoxy mortar and other synthetic mixtures are used for remediation of cracks. Bacteria from various natural habitats have frequently been reported to precipitate calcium carbonate both in natural and laboratory conditions. Application of bacteria based mineralization concept has lead to the potential invention of a new biomaterial that can fill the cracks and fissures in mortar and concrete materials. The present review include bio-cementation in concrete, bacterial carbonate precipitation, chemical process and their self healing activity on the bacteria incorporated materials by application of microbiologically induced calcite precipitation.
Bio-Mineralization, Bio-Cementation, Bacterial Carbonate Precipitation, Self Healing, Cracks
[01] M. P. Samudre, M.N. Mangulkar, S.D. Saptarshi, A review of emerging way to enhance the durability and strength of concrete structures: Microbial concrete, Intern. J. Innov. Res. Sci. Eng. Tech. 3 (2014) 9311-9316.
[02] S. Soundharya, K. Nirmalkumar K, Strength improvement studies on self healing characteristics of bacterial concrete, Intern. J. Eng. Sci. Inv. Res. Dev. 1 (2014) 162-167.
[03] V. Ramakrishnan, Performance characteristics of bacterial concrete–a smart biomaterial. in Ist international conference on recent advances in concrete technology, Washington DC 2007; 67-68.
[04] D. Rodriquez, Consolidation of decayed stone a delicate problem with few practical solutions. In: P.B. Lourenco, P. Roca (Eds), Historical constructions, Guimares 2001.
[05] S. Soundharya, K. Nirmalkumar, Study on the effect of calcite precipitating bacteria on self healing mechanism of concrete, Intern. J. Eng. Res. Mang. Tech. 1 (2014) 202-208.
[06] C. Rodriquez–Navarro, M. Rodriguez-Gallego, K.B. Chekroun, M.T. Gonzalez-Muñoz, Conservation of ornamental stones by Myxococcus xanthus– induced carbonate biomineralization, Appl. Environ. Microb. 69 (2003) 2182-2193.
[07] P. Cardino, S. Serji, M. Treseri, P. Piraino, Conservation studies on ornamental and building stones of north-eastern sisily. Geomineralogical and porasimetric investigations, Ann. Chim. 91 (2001) 41-50.
[08] J. Dick , W. De Windt , B. De Graef, H. Saveyn , P. Van der Meeren , N. De Belie, W. Verstraete, Bio-deposition of a calcium carbonate layer on degraded limestone by Bacillus species, Biodegrad. 17 (2006) 357-367.
[09] K.L. Bachmier, E.A. Williams, R.J. Warmington, S.S. Bang, Urease activity in microbiologically induced calcite precipitation, J. Biotech. 93 (2002) 171-181.
[10] S.K. Ramachandran, V. Ramakrishnan, S.S. Bang, Remediation of concrete using microorganisms, ACI Mater. J. 98 (2001) 3-9.
[11] W.D. De Muyunck, N. De Belie, W, Verstrate, Bacterial carbonate precipitation as an alternative surface treatment for concrete, Constr. Build. Mater. 22 (2008) 875-885.
[12] H.M. Jonker, A two component bacteria-based self-healing concrete, Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting II – Alexander et al (Eds)Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-0-415-46850-3, 2009.
[13] H.M. Jonker, Bacteria based self healing concrete, Heron 56 No.1/2 (2011).
[14] V. Stabnikov, M. Nacimi, V. Evanov, J. Chu, Formation of water impermeable crust on sand surface using biocement, Cem. Concr. Res. 41 (2011) 1143-1149.
[15] S. Al-Thawadi, High strength in-situ biocementation of soil by calcite precipitating locally isolated ureolytic bacteria [Phd thesis] Perth, Western Australia, Mudroch university (2008) 264.
[16] Ivanov, Chu, Application of microorganism to geotechnical engineering for bioclogging and biocementation of soil in-situ, Environ. Sci. Biotech. 7 (2008) 139-153.
[17] C. Qian, M. Luo, L. Ren, R. Wang, R. Li, Q. Pan, H. Chen, Self-healing and repairing concrete cracks based on bio-mineralization, Key. Eng. Mat. 629-630 (2015) 494-503.
[18] V. Achal, A. Mukherjee, S.M. Reddy, Microbial concrete: a way to enhance the durability of building structure in 2nd international conference on sustainable construction materials and technologies, Universita Politechnica delle Marche Ancona, Italy (2010).
[19] N. Chahal, R Siddique, A. Rajor, Influence of bacteria on the compressive strength, water absorption and rapid chloride permeability of fly ash concrete, Constr. Buil. Mater. 38 (2012) 351-356.
[20] Garrity, Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology; The archea and the deeply branching and phototrophic bacteria. (2nd Eds.) New York: Springer –Verlag (2001) 1.
[21] S. Castanier, L.G. Métayer–levrel, P.J. Perthuisot, Calcium carbonate precipitation and limestone genesis – the microbiologist point of view, Sediment. Geol. 126 (1999) 9-23.
[22] Gonsalves, Bioconcrete- a sustainable substitute for concrete, Master thesis, Polytechnique university of catalonia (UPC) Barcelona (2011).
[23] V.S. Whiffin, S. Victoria, Microbial calcium carbonate precipitation for the production of biocement, Mudroch University, [Phd thesis] Perth,Western Australia (2004) 154.
[24] V. Achal, X. Pan, N. Özyurt, Improved strength and durability of fly ash-amended concrete by microbial calcite precipitation, Ecol. Eng. 37 (2011) 554–59.
[25] M.V. Seshagiri Rao, V. Ch Sasikala, S. Reddy, A biological approach to enhance strength and durability in concrete structures, Intern. J. Adv. Eng. Tech. 4 (2012) 392-399.
[26] N. Chahal, A. Rajor, R. Siddique, Calcium carbonate precipitation by different bacterial strains, Afr. Biotech. 10 (2011) 8359-8372.
[27] F. Hammes, W. Verstrate, Key roles of pH and calcium metabolism in microbial carbonate precipitation, Environ. Sci. Biotech. 1 (2002) 3-7.
[28] D. Ariyanti, N. Handayane, Handiyanto, Feasibility of using microalgae for biocement production through biocementation, J. Biopro. Biotech. 2 (2012) 1-4.
[29] E. Kucharski, W. Winchester, W. Leeming, R. Cord Ruwisch, V. Whiffin, S. Al-Thawadi, C. Muir, W.A. Banjup, J. Mutlag, Microbiological biocementation. Patent application WO/2006/066326; International application No. PCT/AU 2005/001927.2005.
[30] S. Atmaca, S. Elci K. Gul, Comparison of slime production under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, Cytobios. 88 (1996) 149-152.
[31] N.K. Dhami, A. Mukherjee, M.S. Reddy, Biofilm and microbial applications in biomineralized concrete, In Advanced topics in Biomineralization, Eds Jong Seto, editor. (New York, NY: InTech) (2012)137–164.
[32] S. Douglas, T.J. Beveridge, Mineral formation by bacteria in natural microbial communities, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 26 (1998) 79–88.
[33] H. Ehrlich, Geomicrobiology: its significance for geology, Earth Sci. Rev. 45 (1998) 45-60.
[34] S. Castanier, G. Le Metayer-Levrel, J.P. Perthuisot, Bacterial roles in the precipitation of carbonate minerals, R.E. In Riding, S.M. Awramik, Microb. Sedimen. (2000) 32-39.
[35] Y. Fujita, F. Ferris, R. Lawson, R. Smith, F. Colwell, Calcium carbonate precipitation by ureolytic subsurface bacteria, Geomicrob. J. 17 (2000) 1381-1387.
[36] W.D. Muynck, N.D. Belie, W. Verstraete, Microbial carbonate precipitation in construction materials: A review, Ecol. Eng. 36 (2010a) 118–136.
[37] W.D. Muynck, K. Verbeken, N.D. Belie, W. Verstraete, Influence of urea and calcium dosage on the effectiveness of bacterially induced carbonate precipitation on limestone, Ecol. Eng. 36 (2010b) 99–111.
[38] S. Gupta, C. Rathi, S. Kapur, Biologically induced self healing concrete: A futuristic solution for crack repair, Inter. J. Appl. Sci. Biotech. 1 (2013) 85-9.
[39] A. Talaiekhozen, A. Keyvanfar, R. Andalib, M.Z. Abu Majid, M.A. Fulazzaky, R.M. Zin, C.T. Lee, M.W. Hussin, N. Hamzah, N.F. Marwar, H.I. Haidar, A review of self-healing concrete research development, J. Environ. Treat. Tech. 2 (2014) 1-11.
[40] P. Suer, N. Hallberg, C. Carlsson, D. Bendz, G. Holm, Biogrouting compared to Jet grouting: Environmental (LCA) and economical assessment, J. Environ. Sci. Healt. A 44 (2009) 346-353.
[41] L. Chaurasia, R.K. Verma, V. Visht, Microbial carbonate precipitation by urease producing bacteria in cementitious materials, Intern. J. Adv. Biotech. Res. 15 (2014) 671-679.
[42] P.R. Patel, S.K. Patel, Microbial concrete: The pioneering work on repairing concrete, Intern. J. Pharma. Sci. Res. 2 (2011) 825-828.
[43] K.R. Santhosh, V. Ramakrishnan, S.B. Sookie, Remediation of concrete using microorganisms, Mater. J. 98 (2001) 3-9.
[44] S.J. Park, Y.M. Pak, W.Y. Chun,, W.J. Kim, S.Y. Ghim, Calcite forming bacteria for compressive strength improvement in mortar, J. Microbiol. Biotech. 20 (2010) 782-788.
[45] V. Ramakrishnan, R. Panchalan, S.S. Bang, Bacterial concrete- a self remediating biomaterial, in10th international congress on the polymers in concrete, Hawaii, May 2001.
[46] P. Ghosh, S. Mandal, B. Chattopadhyay, S. Pal, Use of microorganism to improve the strength of cement mortar, Cem. Concr. Res. 35 (2005) 1980-1983.
[47] N. Ismail, H. Mohd Saman, K. Kamaruddin, M.F. Md Jaafar, The cement hydration, chemical phases and its micro structural examination of microbed cement based material, IEEE Colloquium on Humanities, Science and Engineering (2014) 164-169.
[48] M.S. Vekariya, J. Pitroda, Bacterial concrete: new era for construction industry, Intern. J. Eng. Tre. Tech. 4 (2013) 4128-4137.
[49] J. Peckman, J. Paul, V. Thiel, Bacterially mediated formation of diagenetic aragonite and native sulphur in zechstein carbonates upper permian, Sedimen. Geol. 126 (1999) 205-222.
[50] M.A. Rivadeneyra, A. Ramos-Cormenzana, G. Delgado, R. Delgado, M. Soriano, Precipitation of carbonates by nesterenkonia halobia in liquid media, Chemosp. 41 (2000) 617-624.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.