Bioscience and Bioengineering
Articles Information
Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 9, 2015
Practices for Integrated Control of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Diseases to Protect in Preharvest as Well as Postharvest Phases
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[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
The present overview shows some of the most important diseases of mango and their control measures to eliminate the intensity of pest’s damage. Mango Mangifera indica L., is one of the most famous tropical fruits, as a member of the family Anacardiaceae. Mango trees are affected by a number of pests of which the disease are a major and serious threat during the flowering and fruit setting seasons as well as after fruit harvesting period. Mango trees less than ten years old may produce flower and fruit regularly every year. Thereafter, most mango trees tend toward alternate or biennial bearing, which is due to several pests that are responsible to reduce mango yield. In Pakistan, Mango plants experience more than a few diseases at all stages of their existence in nature. All the parts of the plant, namely, trunk, branch, twig, leaf, petiole, flower and fruit are attacked by a number of pathogens including fungi, bacteria and algae. These cause several kinds of rot, die back, anthracnose, scab, necrosis, blotch, spots, mildew, etc., to the host. A few of these diseases like anthracnose and powdery mildew are of great economic importance as these cause heavy losses in mango production. Now a day, integrated pest management is the most effective weapon based on several important principles such as agricultural practices and chemical pesticides for diseases and pests management. It is better to consider the entire orchard’s system (production, harvest, postharvest and marketing) when developing pest management strategies. Growers are encouraged to be on the lookout for any new or unusual pest occurrences and to discuss these and any other concerns with the staff of the department of horticulture industry.
Mango, Disease, Pest, Pathogens, Manage, Orchard
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