Bioscience and Bioengineering
Articles Information
Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 9, 2015
Practices for Integrated Control of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Diseases to Protect in Preharvest as Well as Postharvest Phases
Pages: 57-62 Views: 1510 Downloads: 1640
Authors
[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Abstract
The present overview shows some of the most important diseases of mango and their control measures to eliminate the intensity of pest’s damage. Mango Mangifera indica L., is one of the most famous tropical fruits, as a member of the family Anacardiaceae. Mango trees are affected by a number of pests of which the disease are a major and serious threat during the flowering and fruit setting seasons as well as after fruit harvesting period. Mango trees less than ten years old may produce flower and fruit regularly every year. Thereafter, most mango trees tend toward alternate or biennial bearing, which is due to several pests that are responsible to reduce mango yield. In Pakistan, Mango plants experience more than a few diseases at all stages of their existence in nature. All the parts of the plant, namely, trunk, branch, twig, leaf, petiole, flower and fruit are attacked by a number of pathogens including fungi, bacteria and algae. These cause several kinds of rot, die back, anthracnose, scab, necrosis, blotch, spots, mildew, etc., to the host. A few of these diseases like anthracnose and powdery mildew are of great economic importance as these cause heavy losses in mango production. Now a day, integrated pest management is the most effective weapon based on several important principles such as agricultural practices and chemical pesticides for diseases and pests management. It is better to consider the entire orchard’s system (production, harvest, postharvest and marketing) when developing pest management strategies. Growers are encouraged to be on the lookout for any new or unusual pest occurrences and to discuss these and any other concerns with the staff of the department of horticulture industry.
Keywords
Mango, Disease, Pest, Pathogens, Manage, Orchard
References
[01] Chrys, A., Rowland, H., Bruno, P., Ian, B., Tony, C., John, M. and Greg, J. 2006. Assessment of mango diseases, pest and production problems in Pakistan. Workshop and Mango Orchard Survey Visit to Pakistan, 27 March-11 April 2006. Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia. p. 29.
[02] Coates, L., Akem, C., Cooke, T., Dann, E. and Young, A. 2009. Mango. In: Diseases of Fruit Crops in Australia, eds. Cooke, T., Persley, D.M. and House, S., p. 157-173. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood VIC, Australia.
[03] Conde, B.D., Pitkethley, R.N., Smith, E.S.C., Kulkarni, V.J., Thiagalingam, K., Ulyatt, L.I., Connelly, M.I. and Hamilton, D.A. 1997. Identification of mango scab caused by Elsinoe mangiferae in Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology, 26 (2): 131.
[04] Haggag, W. 2010. Mango diseases in Egypt. Agriculture and Biolog Journal of North America, 1 (3): 285-328.
[05] Haggag, W., Shabaan, A.M., Nasr, A.K. and Abd El-Salam, A.M.E. 2014. Integrated Pest Management for Sustainable Mango Production. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res., 29 (2): 276-282.
[06] Hassan, B., Ian, B. and Stuart, S. 2002. Pests, Diseases and Disorders of Mangoes in the Northern Territory: An illustrated field guide. The Northern Territory Horticultural Association. 95 p.
[07] Joubert, P.H., Daneel, M.S. and Grover, T. 2000. Progress towards Integrated Pest Management (IPM) on mangoes in South Africa. Acta Horticulturae, 509: 811-817.
[08] Kvas, M., Steenkamp, E.T., Al Adawi, A.O., Deadman, M.L., Al Jahwari, A.A., Marasas, W.F.O., Wingfield, B.D., Ploetz, R.C. and Wingfield, M.J. 2008. Fusarium mangiferae associated with mango furas in the Sultanate of Oman. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 121 (2): 195-199.
[09] McMillan, R.T.J. 1984. Control of mango anthracnose with foliar sprays. Proc. Florida State Horticultural Soc., 97: 344-345.
[10] McMillan, R.T.J. and Mitchell, K.J. 1991. Effect of hot water treatment on mango fruits sprayed with fungicides for anthracnose control. Proc. Florida State Horticultural Soc., 104: 114-115.
[11] Nofal, M. and Haggag, W. 2006. Integrated pest management for the control of powdery mildew on mango trees in Egypt. Crop Protection, 25: 480-486.
[12] Ploetz, R.C. 2003. Diseases of mango, Pages 327-363. In: Diseases of Tropical Fruit Crops. R. C. Ploetz, Ed. CABI Publishing, Oxford, UK.
[13] Renkang, P. and Keith, C. 2005. Integrated pest management for mango orchards using green ants as a major component. School of Science and Primary Industries. Charles Darwin University, Australia. 54 p.
[14] Sarwar, M. 2004. Concept of integrated insect pests management. Pakistan & Gulf Economists, XXIII (46 & 47): 39-41.
[15] Sarwar, M. 2006 a. Occurrence of Insect Pests on Guava (Psidium guajava) Tree. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 38 (3): 197- 200.
[16] Sarwar, M. 2006 b. Incidence of Insect Pests on Ber (Zizyphus jujube) Tree. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 38 (4): 261- 263.
[17] Sarwar, M. 2011. Management of Banana (Musa paradisiaca Linnaeus) Orchard against Insect Pests. Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology Journal of Biology, 1 (1): 107-110.
[18] Sarwar, M. 2013. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - A Constructive Utensil to Manage Plant Fatalities. Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, 2 (3): 1-4.
[19] Sarwar, M., Hamed, M., Rasool, B., Yousaf, M. and Hussain, M. 2013. Host Preference and Performance of Fruit Flies Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) and Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) For Various Fruits and Vegetables. International Journal of Scientific Research in Environmental Sciences, 1 (8): 188-194.
[20] Sarwar M., Hamed, M., Yousaf, M. and Hussain, M. 2014 a. Surveillance on Population Dynamics and Fruits Infestation of Tephritid Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Orchards of Faisalabad, Pakistan. International Journal of Scientific Research in Environmental Sciences, 2 (4): 113-119.
[21] Sarwar, M., Hamed, M., Yousaf, M. and Hussain, M. 2014 b. Monitoring of Population Dynamics and Fruits Infestation of Tephritid Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Orchard. Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, 3 (2): 36-40.
[22] Sarwar, M., Hamed, M., Yousaf, M. and Hussain, M. 2014 c. Monitoring of Population Density and Fruit Infestation Intensity of Tephritid Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Citrus reticulata Blanco Orchard. Journal of Zoological Sciences, 2 (3): 1-5.
[23] Sarwar, M., Ahmad, N., Rashid, A. and Shah, S.M.M. 2015. Valuation of gamma irradiation for proficient production of parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae & Eucoilidae) in the management of the peach fruit-fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). International Journal of Pest Management, DOI: 10.1080/09670874.2015.1018854.
[24] Shah, S.M.M., Ahmad, N., Sarwar, M. and Tofique, M. 2014. Rearing of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) for parasitoids production and managing techniques for fruit flies in mango orchards. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 34 (S1): 108-113.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.