Chemistry Journal
Articles Information
Chemistry Journal, Vol.6, No.1, Mar. 2021, Pub. Date: Jul. 26, 2021
Environmental and Health Implications of Cement Production Plant Emissions in Nigeria: Ewekoro Cement Plant as a Case Study
Pages: 1-8 Views: 444 Downloads: 102
Authors
[01] Ogunsina Olabode Isaiah, Department of Biochemistry, Environmental Biochemistry & Toxicology Unit, Faculty of Science, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria.
[02] Olusola Augustine Olusegun, Department of Biochemistry, Environmental Biochemistry & Toxicology Unit, Faculty of Science, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria.
[03] Akintan George Blessing, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure, Akure, Nigeria.
[04] Ayedogbon Oluremi Samson, Department of Biochemistry, Environmental Biochemistry & Toxicology Unit, Faculty of Science, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria.
Abstract
Climate change remained one of the most pressing environmental challenges confronting humanity across the globe. Emissive gases coming out of cement production plants invariably contribute to the problem of global warming and climate change. These industrial plants for cement production involves a high energy intensity process marked with high-level consumption of fuel for clinker making which in turn results in releasing emissions into human environment. Apart from the issue of fuel consumption, the process of calcinations equally aggravates emission generation challenges of NO2, SO2, CO2, particulate matters among others. Cement is made up of different forms of chemicals such as lime, silica, and so on. These set of chemicals could induce health related problems especially respiratory illnesses. Topmost in the hierarchy of significant environmental hazards that could be adduced to cement production industries revolves around allergenic complications to respiratory system challenges. To this end, this paper reviewed the intricacy between cement industries and its associated health and environmental implications with a focus on Ewekoro Cement Plant, Ogun State, Nigeria. It adumbrates the processes involved in cement production and sources of emission plus a succinct view of emissions generated as well as health and environmental impacts arising from this subject-view. The research explicitly centered on emissions produced in the course of clinker making while emissions produced via consequent operation in the course of cement production such as transportation, electricity and so on were not accounted for in this study. This was achieved through comprehensive reappraisal of existing literature on the subject-view. To be precise, relevant information with respect to health and environmental impacts associated with cement firms were sourced from published and unpublished articles including journals, reports, theses, magazines, and so on.
Keywords
Cement Production, Emission Generation, Health and Environmental Impact, Sustainability
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