Clinical Medicine Journal
Articles Information
Clinical Medicine Journal, Vol.1, No.2, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: Apr. 22, 2015
Nutritional Anemia Among Patients Referred to Hematology Laboratories in Port Sudan City
Pages: 38-42 Views: 1419 Downloads: 724
Authors
[01] Munsoor Mohammed Munsoor, College of Medical Laboratories, Sudan University of Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
[02] Mohammed Omer Gibreel, Department of Hematology, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Red Sea State, Sudan.
[03] Mubarak El Saeed El Karsani, College of Medical Laboratories, Kararry University, Omdurman, Sudan.
Abstract
This is a descriptive study conducted in Port Sudan city (2012-2014) to evaluate the prevalence of nutritional anaemia among 600 patients referred to hematology laboratories in three major hospitals. The patients composed of 382 (63.7%) females and 218 (36.3%) males with a mean age of 31 years. The results showed that, the mean values of hemoglobin and serum iron in study population were 10.6 g/dl and 55.6 mg/dl respectively.The serum iron concentration was normal in 406 (67.9%), low in 92 (15.3%) (iron deficiency anaemic patients) and within lower limits of normal in 102 (16.8%) of the patients. Among the 92IDA patients, 74 (80.4%) were in the adult group (19-85 years) and 3.1% of the population showed iron deficiency without anaemia. The results of the peripheral blood films revealed that, 338 (56.3%) of the smears were normocytic normochromic, 230 (38.3%) showed microcytic hypochromic cells, 19 (3.3%) showed marked anisopoikilocytosis and 13 (2.2%) showed microcytosis with pencil cells. Normal morphology of white blood cells was seen in 81.7% of smears, leukocytosis in 15.7% and leucopenia in 2.7% while adequate platelets were seen in 82.2%, thrombocytosis in 13.7% and thrombocytopenia in 4.2%. This study concluded that, IDA was prevalent among the study subjects and children althoughthe elder patients were the most affected group.The study strongly recommended the conduction of a national nutritional survey including collection of data on iron status and prevalence of anaemia in all groups of the population in the area of study.
Keywords
IDA in Sudan, Anaemic Patients, Serum Iron, Port Sudan
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