Clinical Medicine Journal
Articles Information
Clinical Medicine Journal, Vol.1, No.2, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: Apr. 22, 2015
Nutritional Anemia Among Patients Referred to Hematology Laboratories in Port Sudan City
Pages: 38-42 Views: 2030 Downloads: 889
[01] Munsoor Mohammed Munsoor, College of Medical Laboratories, Sudan University of Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
[02] Mohammed Omer Gibreel, Department of Hematology, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Red Sea State, Sudan.
[03] Mubarak El Saeed El Karsani, College of Medical Laboratories, Kararry University, Omdurman, Sudan.
This is a descriptive study conducted in Port Sudan city (2012-2014) to evaluate the prevalence of nutritional anaemia among 600 patients referred to hematology laboratories in three major hospitals. The patients composed of 382 (63.7%) females and 218 (36.3%) males with a mean age of 31 years. The results showed that, the mean values of hemoglobin and serum iron in study population were 10.6 g/dl and 55.6 mg/dl respectively.The serum iron concentration was normal in 406 (67.9%), low in 92 (15.3%) (iron deficiency anaemic patients) and within lower limits of normal in 102 (16.8%) of the patients. Among the 92IDA patients, 74 (80.4%) were in the adult group (19-85 years) and 3.1% of the population showed iron deficiency without anaemia. The results of the peripheral blood films revealed that, 338 (56.3%) of the smears were normocytic normochromic, 230 (38.3%) showed microcytic hypochromic cells, 19 (3.3%) showed marked anisopoikilocytosis and 13 (2.2%) showed microcytosis with pencil cells. Normal morphology of white blood cells was seen in 81.7% of smears, leukocytosis in 15.7% and leucopenia in 2.7% while adequate platelets were seen in 82.2%, thrombocytosis in 13.7% and thrombocytopenia in 4.2%. This study concluded that, IDA was prevalent among the study subjects and children althoughthe elder patients were the most affected group.The study strongly recommended the conduction of a national nutritional survey including collection of data on iron status and prevalence of anaemia in all groups of the population in the area of study.
IDA in Sudan, Anaemic Patients, Serum Iron, Port Sudan
[01] El-zammar D, Yan M, Huang G, Fang D, Petigura F, Bornn L, Ngai T, Brkanovic S, Khangura J, Alexander N, Hendry S, Lubin J, Wallis C, Ford J, Kapoor V. Assessment and management of anemia in a population of children living in the Indian Himalayas: A student-led initiative. Global Health Initiative. 2011; 2: PP. 12, 13.
[02] Mc Lean E. Cogswell M, Egli I, Wojdyla D, deBenoist B.Worldwide prevalence of anemia in preschool aged children, pregnant women and non-pregnant women of reproductive age. In: Kraemer K. and Zimmermann M. B. Nutritional anemia. Switzerland: Sight and Life, 2007: P 2.
[03] Gomber S.Madan N, Lal A, Kela K. Prevalence and etiology of nutritional anemia among school children of Urban Slums. Indian journal of medical research, 2003: 118: PP. 167- 171.
[04] United Nations children’s Fund (UNICEF). Prevalence and control of nutritional anemia (2003).
[05] Bermejo F, Garcia-Lopez S..A guide to diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia in digestive diseases. World journal of gastroenterology, 2009; 15(37). 4639.
[06] Greer J. P. Wintrob’s clinical haematology. 11th edition. London: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2003: 794.
[07] World Health Organization (WHO). Iron deficiency anaemia; assessment, prevention and control. NHD/01.3 (2001).
[08] Abdelrahman EG, Gasim GA, Musa IR, ElbashirLM and Adam I. Red blood cell distribution width and iron deficiency anemia among pregnant Sudanese women. Diagnostic Pathology, 2012, 7:168.
[09] Asma MZ. A status of iron deficiency anemia among Sudanese pregnant women referred to Khartoum teaching hospital. MSc thesis, college of medical laboratory science. Sudan university of science and technology. 2012.
[10] Payandeh M, Rahimi Z, Zare ME, Kansestani AN, Gohardehi F, Hashemian AH. Prevalence of Anemia and Hemoglobinopathies in the Hematologic Clinics of the Kermanshah Province, Western Iran. International Journal of Hematology- Oncology and Stem Cell Research. 2014. 93(3):158-164.
[11] Lee JO, Lee JH, Ahn S, Kim JW, Chang H, Kim YJ, Lee KW, Kim JH, Bang SM, Lee JS. Prevalence and risk factors for iron deficiency anemia in the korean population: results of the fifth KoreaNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Korean Med Sci. 2014 Feb;29(2):224-9.
[12] Rohner F. Woodruff BA, Aaron GJ, Yakes EA, Lebanan MA, Rayco-Solon P, Saniel OP.Infant and young child feeding practices in urban Philippines and their association with stunting, anemia, and deficiencies of iron and vitamin A. Food and nutrition Bull, 2013; 34(2): PP. 73-81.
[13] Gongora D. G. Nutritional causes of anemia in Mexican children under 5 years: results from the 2006 National Health and Nutrition survey. SaludPaplica Mexico. 2012. 54(2):108-115.
[14] Lands R. H. Anemia in the elderly. Clinical Geriatrics, 2009;17(8):25-28.
[15] Alexandra M. Harrington, MD, MT(ASCP), Patrick C.J. Ward, MB, BCh, Steven H. Kroft, MD. Iron Deficiency Anemia, Beta-Thalassemia Minor, and Anemia of Chronic Disease: A Morphologic Reappraisal. Am J ClinPathol. 2008;129(3):466-471.
[16] Viswanath D, Hegde R, Murthy V, Nagashree S, Shah R. Red cell distribution width in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia. Indian J Pediatr. 2001. 68(12):1117-9.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.