International Journal of Animal Biology
Articles Information
International Journal of Animal Biology, Vol.1, No.5, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 12, 2015
The Role of Male Annihilation Technique to Get Rid of Notorious Fruit Flies (Tephritidae: Diptera) in Fruit and Vegetable Farms
Pages: 260-265 Views: 3972 Downloads: 2756
[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a major trade barrier for many fruit and vegetable crops, and any strategies which improve field control can provide economic benefits for growers with the potential to enhance market access opportunities. This paper is aimed at improving fruit fly’s control in major commercial horticulture crops and implementing more serious consideration given to the eradication of injurious species. Early eradication of invasive fruit flies depends largely on the deployment of both effective and safe detection and control systems. Timely detection of these serious pests prompts the adoption and application of measures to contain fruit flies with a view to their eradication. Amongst the focal methods used for fruit fly’s control, the Male Annihilation Technique (MAT) involves the use of a high density of bait stations consisting of a male lure combined with an insecticide, to reduce the male population of fruit flies to such a low level that mating with female flies does not occur. This technique may be used for the control of those fruit fly species of the genera Bactrocera and Dacus that are attracted to male lures (cuelure or methyl eugenol). The commercial product mehtyl eugenol is used for trapping of Oriental fruit flies (Bactrocera dorsalis), whereas cue-lure is used to trap the male of melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae), and Trimedlure captures Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). The technique can be achieved successfully by distributing cordelitos (cotton string) or caneite (compressed fibre board) blocks (50 mm x 50 mm x 12.7 mm), or coconut husk blocks impregnated with the lure and insecticide mixture. These are distributed from the ground or air in densities of at least 400 per km2 and the treatment is repeated every eight weeks. This study has shown the several examples of the successful eradication of fruit flies by male annihilation technique on its own, or in combination with other methods. Outstanding successes using this method have been recorded for eradicating and to get rid of notorious fruit flies worldwide.
Fruit Fly, Male Annihilation Technique, Insecticides, Pheromone and Lure Application
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