International Journal of Advanced Materials Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Advanced Materials Research, Vol.2, No.2, Mar. 2016, Pub. Date: Apr. 5, 2016
Influence of Natural Fillers on Tribological and Mechanical Performance of Polyester Composites
Pages: 27-32 Views: 1183 Downloads: 691
[01] Ibrahim R. A., Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Beni-Suif University, Beni-Suif, Egypt.
Polymer composites reinforced by natural fibers/fillers provide good tribological properties nontraditional materials for industrial applications that require desire friction coefficient and wear resistance such as bearing materials, brake pads materials and flooring materials …etc. In the present work, polyester composites filled with Corn Straw Powder (CSP) or Jasmine Leaves Powder (JLP) proposed as new engineering materials with improved mechanical and frictional behavior. Cylindrical pins with 10 mm diameter and 30 mm height were prepared as test specimens. Two factors considered when designing the experiment; first the size of filling particles, second the weight ratio of the added particles. A Pin-on-disk tribometer designed and constructed to perform measurements of the friction coefficient and wear rate for proposed composites. WP300.20 universal testing device used to investigate the mechanical properties of polyester composite. Results show that corn straw particles and jasmine leaves powder have a significant effect on the mechanical and tribological behavior of polyester composites.
Corn Straw Powder (CSP), Jasmine Leaves Powder (JLP), Polyester Composite, Friction, Wear, Stress- Strain Curve
[01] V. K. Thakur, M. K. Thakur, R. K. Gupta, Review: raw natural fiber-based polymer composites, Int. J. Polym. Anal. Charact. 19 (2014) 256-271.
[02] H. Ku, H. Wang, N. Pattarachaiyakoop, M. Trada, A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites, Compos. Part B Eng. 42 (2011) 856-873.
[03] B. Barari, T. Ellingham, I. Qamhia, K. Pillai, R. El-Hajjar, L.-S. Turng, et al., Mechanical characterization of scalable cellulose nano-fiber based composites made using liquid composite molding process, Compos. Part B Eng. (2015) doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.08.040.
[04] C. Unterweger, O. Brüggemann, C. Fürst, Synthetic fibers and thermoplastic short-fiber-reinforced polymers: properties and characterization, Polym. Compos. 35 (2014) 227-236.
[05] T. Santos, G. Vasconcelos, W. de Souza, M. Costa, E. Botelho, Suitability of carbon fiber-reinforced polymers as power cable cores: Galvanic corrosion and thermal stability evaluation, Mater. Design 65 (2015) 780-788.
[06] X.-Q. Pei, R. Bennewitz, A. K. Schlarb, Mechanisms of friction and wear reduction by carbon fiber reinforcement of PEEK, Tribol. Lett. 58 (2015) 1-10.
[07] S. Bahadur, Y. Zheng, Mechanical and tribological behavior of polyester reinforced with short glass fibers, Wear 137 (1990) 251-266.
[08] S. Zhang, State-of-the-art of polymer tribology, Tribol. Int. 31 (1998) 49-60.
[09] K. Friedrich, Z. Zhang, A. K. Schlarb, Effects of various fillers on the sliding wear of polymer composites, Compos. Sci. Technol. 65 (2005) 2329-2343.
[10] D. L. Burris, B. Boesl, G. R. Bourne, W. G. Sawyer, Polymeric nanocomposites for tribological applications, Macromol. Mater. Eng. 292 (2007) 387-402.
[11] Y. Zhang, S. Zhu, Y. Liu, B. Yang, X. Wang, The mechanical and tribological properties of nitric acid-treated carbon fiber-reinforced polyoxymethylene composites, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 132 (2015).
[12] V. Dhand, G. Mittal, K. Y. Rhee, S.-J. Park, D. Hui, A short review on basalt fiber reinforced polymer composites, Compos. Part B Eng. 73 (2015) 166-180.
[13] E. Omrani, B. Barari, A. Dorri Moghadam, P. K. Rohatgi, K. M. Pillai, Mechanical and tribological properties of self-lubricating bio-based carbon-fabric epoxy composites made using liquid composite molding, Tribol. Int. 92 (2015) 222-232. doi:10.1016/j.triboint.2015.06.007.
[14] I. Avdeev, M. Gilaki, Structural analysis and experimental characterization of cylindrical lithium-ion battery cells subject to lateral impact, J. Power Sources 271 (2014) 382-391.
[15] P. Yang, S. S. Shams, A. Slay, B. Brokate, R. Elhajjar, Evaluation of temperature effects on low velocity impact damage in composite sandwich panels with polymeric foam cores, Compos. Struct. 129 (2015) 213-223.
[16] P. L. Menezes, S. V. Kailas, M. R. Lovell, Friction and transfer layer formation in polymer–steel tribo-system: role of surface texture and roughness parameters, Wear 271 (2011) 2213-2221.
[17] Ibrahem R. A., "Tribological performance of polyester composites reinforced by agricultural wastes", Journal of tribology international, 90, pp. 263-266, (2015).
[18] Ibrahem R. A., Ali W. Y., "Tribological performance of polyester composites filled by vegetable oil", Journal of material science and engineering technology, 5, pp. 287-292, (2010).
[19] Karger-Kocsis J., Zhang Z., "Structure–property relationships in nanoparticle/semi-crystalline thermoplastic composites". Mechanical properties of polymers based on nanostructure and morphology, New York: CRC Press; pp. 547-596, (2005).
[20] Gauthier C., Schirrer R., "Time and temperature dependence of the scratch properties of poly (methylmethacrylate) surfaces", Journal of Materials Science, 35(9), pp. 2121-2130, (2000).
[21] Neogi S., Hashmi S. A. R., Chand N., "Role of PET in improving wear properties of PP in dry sliding condition Bull", Mater. Sci., 26, p. 579, (2003).
[22] Franklin S. E., "Wear experiments with selected engineering polymers and polymer composites under dry reciprocating sliding conditions", Wear, 251, p. 1591, (2001).
[23] Hashim P., Nihat T., "Investigation of the wear behaviour of a glass-fibre-reinforced composite and plain polyester resin", Composites Science and Technology, 62, pp. 367-370, (2002).
[24] Beake B. D., Leggett G. J., Shipway P. H., "Nanotribology of biaxially oriented poly(ethylene terephthalate) film", Polymer 42, p. 7025, (2001).
[25] Branco J. R. T., Campos S. V., "Wear behaviour of thermally sprayed PET", Surf. Coat. Technol, 676, pp. 120-121, (1999).
[26] Samyn P., Baets P., "Friction of polyoxymethylene homopolymer in highly loaded applications extrapolated from small-scale testing", Tribol. Lett., 19, pp. 177-189, (2005).
[27] Inoue, Kaoru M. Y., "Development of the chemical recycling technology of glass fiber reinforced PA6 Parts", SAE Paper, 01, p. 0694, (2001).
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.