International Journal of Advanced Materials Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Advanced Materials Research, Vol.2, No.2, Mar. 2016, Pub. Date: Mar. 27, 2016
Friction and Wear Behaviour of Fibre / Particles Reinforced Polyester Composites
Pages: 22-26 Views: 874 Downloads: 863
Authors
[01] Ibrahem R. A., Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.
Abstract
In the present work, frictional and wear behaviour of polymer (polyester) matrix composites reinforced with different types of fibre / fillers have been investigated under dry wear sliding conditions. There are two types of fibre; carbon and coir fibre used as continuous reinforcements phase and two types of powders; graphite and coconut shell powder used as particulate reinforcements. Friction coefficient and wear rate measured for the proposed materials under dry sliding contact with steel counter-face. Pin on disc tribometer used to performing the proposed tribological measurements under 2.3 ms -1 sliding speed and 4, 6, and 8N applied normal loads. Effect of applied loads, reinforcement type and reinforcement content observed. The results shows that the friction coefficient of carbon or coir powder filled polyester less than friction coefficient of carbon or coir fibre reinforced polyester. Nevertheless, wear resistance of carbon or coir fibre reinforced polyester is higher than wear resistance of carbon or coir powder reinforced polyester.
Keywords
Polyester Composites, Carbon Fibre, Graphite Powder, Coir Fibre, Coconut Shell Powder, Tribological Performance
References
[01] Ibrahem R. A., Influence of natural fillers on tribological and mechanical performance of polyester composites, Journal of the Egyptian society of tribology, vol. 13, no. 1, 2016, pp. 43-53.
[02] Ibrahem R. A., Effect of date palm seeds on the tribological behaviour of polyester composites under different testing conditions, , J Material Sci. Eng. 2015, vol.4, no. 6.
[03] Aldousiri, B.; Shalwan, A.; Chin, C.W. A review on tribological behaviour of polymeric composites and future reinforcements. Adv. Mater. Sci. Eng. 2013, 2013, 645923, doi:10.1155/2013/645923.
[04] Hashmi, S. A. R.; Dwivedi, U. K.; Chand, N. Friction and sliding wear of UHMWPE modified cotton fibre reinforced polyester composites. Tribol. Lett. 2006, 21, 79–87.
[05] Mylsamy, K.; Rajendran, I. Influence of fibre length on the wear behaviour of chopped agave americana fibre reinforced epoxy composites. Tribol. Lett. 2011, 44, 75–80.
[06] Cenna, A. A.; Doyle, J.; Page, N. W.; Beehag, A.; Dastoor, P.Wear mechanisms in polymer matrix composites abraded by bulk solids. Wear 2000 240, 207–214.
[07] Shao, L.; Low, B. T.; Chung, T. S.; Greenberg, A. R. Polymeric membranes for the hydrogen economy: Contemporary approaches and prospects for the future. J. Membr. Sci. 2009, 327, 18–31.
[08] Yousif, B. F. Effect of oil palm fibres volume fraction on mechanical properties of polyester composites. Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 2010, 24, 4459–4470.
[09] Aldousiri, B.; Alajmi, M.; Shalwan, A. Mechanical properties of palm fibre reinforced recycled HDPE. Adv. Mater. Sci. Eng. 2013, 2013, doi:10.1155/2013/508179.
[10] Cheung, H. Y.; Ho, M. P.; Lau, K. T.; Cardona, F.; Hui, D. Natural fibre-reinforced composites for bioengineering and environmental engineering applications. Compos. Part B Eng. 2009, 40, 655–663.
[11] Wambua, P.; Ivens, J.; Verpoest, I. Natural fibres: Can they replace glass in fibre reinforced plastics? Compos. Sci. Technol. 2003, 63, 1259–1264.
[12] Thomas, S.; Pothan, L. A. Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites: From Macro to Nanoscale; Old City Publishing: Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2008; pp. 3–12.
[13] Azwa, Z. N.; Yousif, B. F.; Manalo, A.C.; Karunasena, W. A review on the degradability of polymeric composites based on natural fibres. Mater. Des. 2013, 47, 424–442.
[14] Albdiry, M. T.; Yousif, B. F. Morphological structures and tribological performance of unsaturated polyester based untreated/silane-treated halloysite Mater. Des. 2013, 48, 68–76.
[15] Yousif, B. F.; Nirmal, U. Wear and frictional performance of polymeric composites aged in various solutions. Wear 2011, 272, 97–104.
[16] Pavlidou, S.; Papaspyrides, C. D. A review on polymer–layered silicate nanocomposites. Prog. Polym. Sci. 2008, 33, 1119–1198.
[17] Alexandre, M.; Dubois, P. Polymer-layered silicate nanocomposites: Preparation, properties and uses of a new class of materials. Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. 2000, 28, 163.
[18] Kiliaris, P.; Papaspyrides, C. D. Polymer/layered silicate (clay) nanocomposites: An overview of flame retardancy. Prog. Polym. Sci. 2010, 35, 902–958.
[19] Yousif, B. F.; Shalwan, A.; Chin, C. W.; Ming, K. C. Flexural properties of treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy composites. Mater. Des. 2012, 40, 378–385.
[20] Gopinath, A.; Kumar, M. S.; Elayaperumal, A. Experimental investigations on mechanical properties of jute fibre reinforced composites with polyester and epoxy resin matrices. Procedia Eng. 2014, 97, 2052–2063.
[21] Li, J.; Wu, Z.; Huang, C.; Li, L. Multiscale carbon nanotube-woven glass fibre reinforced cyanate ester/epoxy composites for enhanced mechanical and thermal properties. Compos. Sci. Technol. 2014, 104, 81–88.
[22] Withers, G. J.; Yu, Y.; Khabashesku, V. N.; Cercone, L.; Hadjiev, V. G.; Souza, J. M.; Davis, D. C. Improved mechanical properties of an epoxy glass–fibre composite reinforced with surface organomodified nanoclays. Compos. Part B Eng. 2015, 72, 175–182.
[23] Kaymakci, A.; Ayrilmis, N. Investigation of correlation between Brinell hardness and tensile strength of wood plastic composites. Compos. Part B Eng. 2014, 58, 582-585.
[24] Yousif, B. F.; El-Tayeb, N. S. M. Wear characteristics of thermoset composite under high stress three-body abrasive. Tribol. Int. 2010, 43, 2365–2371.
[25] Fowler, G.; Pashby, I. R.; Shipway, P. H. The effect of particle hardness and shape when abrasive water jet milling titanium alloy Ti6Al4V. Wear 2009, 266, 613–620.
[26] Harsha, A. P.; Tewari, U. S. Two-body and three-body abrasive wear behaviour of polyaryletherketone composites. Polym. Test. 2003, 22, 403–418.
[27] Shipway, P. H.; Ngao, N. K. Microscale abrasive wear of polymeric materials. Wear 2003, 255, 742–750.
[28] Arhaim, Y. H.; Shalwan, A.; Yousif, B.F. Correlation between frictional force, interface temperature and specific wear rate of fibre polymer composites. Adv. Mater. Res. 2013, 685, 45–49
[29] Mahdi Alajmi and Abdullah Shalwan, Correlation between Mechanical Properties with Specific Wear Rate and the Coefficient of Friction of Graphite/Epoxy Composites, Materials 2015, 8, 4162-4175; doi:10.3390/ma8074162
[30] Aireddy, H., Mishra, S. C., Tribological behaviour and mechanical properties of bio waste reinforced polymer Matrix composites, J. metal. and Mater. Sci.,53(2) (2011) 139-152
[31] D. Verma, P. C. Gope, A. Shandilya, A. Gupta, M. K. Maheshwari, Coir Fibre Reinforcement and Application in Polymer Composites: A Review, J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 4 (2) (2013) 263-276
[32] Sudhakar Majhi, S. P. Samantarai, S. K. Acharya, Tribological Behavior of Modified Rice Husk Filled Epoxy Composite, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 3, Issue 6, June-2012.
[33] Noor Ayuma Mat Tahir a, Mohd Fadzli Bin Abdollah a,b,n, Rafidah Hasan a,b, Hilmi Amiruddin, The effect of sliding distance at different temperatures on the tribological properties of a palm kernel activated carbon–epoxy composite, Tribology International 94 (2016) 352–359.
[34] Ibrahem R. A., Tribological performance of polyester composites reinforced by agricultural wastes, Tribology International 90(2015)463–466.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.