International Journal of Advanced Materials Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Advanced Materials Research, Vol.2, No.3, May 2016, Pub. Date: May 15, 2016
Electric Static Charge and Friction Coefficient of Head Scarf Textiles Sliding Against Hair and Skin
Pages: 45-51 Views: 734 Downloads: 630
[01] Mohamed R. A., Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, El-Minia, Egypt.
[02] Samy A. M., Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, El-Minia, Egypt.
[03] Ali W. Y., Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, El-Minia, Egypt.
Friction coefficient and electrification of textiles are the main factors that specify the quality of cloths. The friction of textiles can be broadly evaluated by the touch of human skin to feel the slipperiness and smoothness. Voltage generated from electrification of the human body by sliding of the head scarf textiles against skin and hair should not exceed certain limit to avoid serious health problems. In the present work, electric static charge generated from the friction of hair and skin against head scarf of different textiles materials as well as friction coefficient have been measured. The experimental results showed that, crape displayed the highest value of friction coefficient when sliding against skin followed by flax, chiffon, cotton, polyacrylonitrile, satin and polyester. The tested types of hair showed different friction behaviour, where African hair showed the lowest friction when slid against crape, chiffon, polyacrylonitrile and flax. Caucasian hair displayed the lowest friction with cotton, jil, and satin. Asian hair gave higher friction with polyacrylonitrile, flax, jil, polyester and satin. The safe level of charge was gained by skin and hair when slid against cotton, jil and chiffon, while the highest voltage values were recorded for polyester, polyacrylonitrile, flax and crape. Skin and hair gained much higher charge than scarf textiles. Caucasian hair gained the highest voltage up to 9500 volts when slid against polyester followed by satin, crape, flax, polyacrylonitrile. It is known that, the relatively high friction as well as high voltage may cause injuries and blisters of skin. Proper selection of textiles that can minimize the generation of electric static charge is desired. Cotton textiles can minimize the generated voltage and provide acceptable values of friction coefficient.
Electric Static Charge, Friction, Head Scarf Textiles, Hair, Skin
[01] Lim S., "Conductive floor and footwear system as primary protection against human body model ESD event", IEEE Trans. El. Pack. Manus. 23, pp. 255-258, (2000).
[02] K. Morioka, “Hair Follicle-Differentiation Under the Electron Microscope, Springer-Verlag, Tokyo, (2005).
[03] Bhushan B., LaTorre C., “in: B. Bhushan (Ed.), Nanotribology and Nanomechanics - An Introduction”, second ed., Springer, Berlin, (2008).
[04] D.K. Schroder, Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization, third ed., Wiley, Hoboken, (2006).
[05] Al-Osaimy A. S., Mohamed M. K., Ali W. Y., "Friction Coefficient and Electric Static Charge of Head Scarf Textiles", Journal of the Egyptian Society of Tribology Vol. 9, No. 3, July 2012, pp. 24–39, (2012).
[06] Mahmoud M. M., Ali W. Y., "Electric Static Charge Generated from the Sliding of Head Scarf Textiles Against Skin and Hair", International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 4, Issue 9, February - 2016, pp. 375–389, (2016).
[07] Seshadri I. P., Bhushan B., “Effect of rubbing load on nanoscale charging characteristics of human hair characterized by AFM based Kelvin probe”, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 325, pp. 580-587, (2008).
[08] Seshadri I. P., Bhushan B., “Effect of ethnicity and treatments on in situ tensile response and morphological changes of human hair characterized by atomic force microscopy”, Acta Materialia 56, pp. 3585-3597, (2008).
[09] Baoxing Xua, Xi Chen, “The Role of Mechanical Stress on the Formation of a Curly Pattern of Human Hair”, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 4, 212–221, (2011).
[10] Danforth, C. H., “Physiology of human hair”, Physiological Reviews 19, pp. 94–111, (1939).
[11] McMichael, A. J., “Ethnic hair update: past and presentstar, open”, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 48, pp. 127 - 133, (2003).
[12] Peytavi, U. B., Tosti, A., Whiting, D., Trueb, R., “Hair Growth and Disorders”, Springer, Berlin, (2008).
[13] Akkermans, R. L. C., Warren, P. B., 2004. Multiscale modelling of human hair. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A 362, 1783–1793.
[14] Barnes, H. A., Roberts, G. P., The non-linear viscoelastic behaviour of human hair at moderate extensions. International Journal of Cosmetic Science 22, pp. 259 - 264, (2000).
[15] Bhushan, B., “Nanoscale characterization of human hair and hair conditioners” Progress in Materials Science 53, pp. 585–710, (2008).
[16] Cao, G., Chen, X., Xu, Z.-H., Li, X., Measuring mechanical properties of micro- and nano-fibers embedded in an elastic substrate: theoretical framework and experiment. Composites: Part B 41, pp. 33-41, (2010).
[17] Sadaie M., Nishikawa N., Ohnishi S., Tamada K., Yase K., Hara M., "Studies of human hair by friction force microscopy with the hair-model-probe", Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 51, pp. 120-129, (2006).
[18] Wei G., Bhushan B., "Nanotribological and nanomechanical characterization of human hair using a nanoscratch technique", Ultramicroscopy 106, pp. 742–754, (2006).
[19] LaTorre C., Bhushan B., "Nanotribological characterization of human hair and skin using atomic force microscopy", Ultramicroscopy 105, pp. 155–175, (2005).
[20] Wei G., Bhushan B., Torgerson P. M., "Nanomechanical characterization of human hair using nanoindentation and SEM", Ultramicroscopy, 105, pp. 248–266, (2005).
[21] Bhushan B., "Nanotribology and Nanomechanics - An Introduction", Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, (2005).
[22] Bhushan B., Wei Guohua, Haddad P., "Friction and wear studies of human hair and skin", Wear 259, pp. 1012–1021, (2005).
[23] Dupres V., Langevin D., Guenoun P., P. Checco P., Luengo G., Leroy F., “Wetting and electrical properties of the human hair surface: Delipidation observed at the nanoscale”, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 306, pp. 34-40, (2007).
[24] Ibrahim R. A., Khashaba M. I. and Ali W. Y., "Reducing the Electrostatic Discharge Generated from the Friction of Polymeric Textiles", Proceedings of The Third Seminar of the Environmental Contaminants and their Reduction Methods, September, 26–28, 2011, AlMadina AlMonawwara, Saudi Arabia, (2011).
[25] Matthew D. A., Christian S. J., “Investigation of skin tribology and its effects on the tactile attributes of polymer fabrics”, Wear, Vol. 267, pp. 1289-1294, (2009).
[26] Derler S., Schrade U., Gerhardt L. C., “Tribology of human skin and mechanical skin equivalents in contact with textiles”, Wear, Vol. 263, pp. 1112-1116, (2007).
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.