International Journal of Advanced Materials Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Advanced Materials Research, Vol.5, No.2, Jun. 2019, Pub. Date: Sep. 6, 2019
An Overview on Recent Development in Desiccant Materials
Pages: 31-37 Views: 56 Downloads: 33
Authors
[01] Jani Dilip Batukray, Department of Mechanical Engineering, GEC-Dahod, Gujarat Technological University (GTU), Ahmedabad, India.
Abstract
Desiccant based cooling and dehumidification systems have gained increasing interest as an alternative air conditioning technology. Performance of desiccant plays a crucial role in overall performance of the overall system, especially in terms of dehumidification and regeneration capacity. It is desirable to explore desiccant materials that are possessing high adsorption capacity and good regeneration ability. Thus, this review summarizes recent researches and developments on various desiccant materials that can be adopted in desiccant based cooling systems. The materials include composite desiccants, nanoporous inorganic materials and polymeric desiccants. Regeneration ability is also considered for full use of low grade thermal energy. It is also seen that by proper selection of host matrix and immersed salts, composite desiccants have improved capacity of dehumidification and regeneration. Besides, a good balance can be reached between regeneration and adsorption capacity by tailoring textural properties of nanoporous inorganic materials. For polymeric desiccants, further progress in adsorptive dehumidification will be anticipated. Though some novel materials approach requirements for desiccant assisted systems, limited material currently available can perfectly satisfy all the required demands. In this case, more intensive researches in the field of development and evaluation of advanced materials are still required.
Keywords
Adsorption, COP, Desiccant Dehumidification, Desorption, Reactivation
References
[01] Factor, H. M, and Grossman, G. (1980). Packed bed dehumidifier/regenerator for solar air conditioning with liquid desiccants. Solar Energy Vol. 24 (6), pp. 541–50.
[02] Grossman, G., Johannsen, A., and Solar, A. (1981). Cooling and air conditioning. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science Vol. 7, pp. 185–228.
[03] Elsayed, M. M, Gari, H. N, and Radhwan, A. M (1993). Effectiveness of heat and mass transfer in packed beds of liquid desiccant system. Renewable Energy Vol. 3: 661–8.
[04] Henning, H. M. (2001). The potential of solar energy use in desiccant cooling cycles. International Journal of Refrigeration Vol. 24 (3), pp. 220–229.
[05] Li, Z., Kobayashi, N., Watanabe, F., and Hasatani, M. (2002). Sorption drying of soybean seeds with silica gel. Drying Technology Vol. 20 (1), pp. 223–233.
[06] Cui, Q., Chen, H., Tao, G., and Yao, H.(2005). Performance study of new adsorbent for solid desiccant cooling. Energy Vol. 30 (2), pp. 273-9.
[07] Hamed, A., and Ahmed, M. (2005). Experimental investigation on the adsorption/desorption processes using solid desiccant in an inclined-fluidized bed. Renewable Energy Vol. 30, pp. 1913–21.
[08] Li, X.-W., Zhang, X.-S., and Quan, S. (2011). Single-stage and double-stage photovoltaic driven regeneration for liquid desiccant cooling system. Applied Energy Vol. 88 (12), pp. 4908–4917.
[09] Crofoot, L., and Harrison, S. (2012). Performance evaluation of a liquid desiccant solar air conditioning system. Energy Procedia Vol. 30, pp. 542–550.
[10] Al-Abidi, A. A., Mat, S., Sopian, K., Sulaiman, M. Y., and Mohammad, A. Th. (2013). Experimental study of PCM melting in triplex tube thermal energy storage for liquid desiccant air conditioning system. Energy and Buildings Vol. 60, pp. 270–279.
[11] Chen, Y., Yin, Y., and Zhang, X. (2014). Performance analysis of a hybrid air-conditioning system dehumidified by liquid desiccant with low temperature and low concentration. Energy and Buildings Vol. 77, pp. 91–102.
[12] Buker, M. S., and Riffat, S. B. (2015). Recent developments in solar assisted liquid desiccant evaporative cooling technology review. Energy and Buildings Vol. 96, pp. 95–108.
[13] Zheng, X., Ge, T. S., Jiang, Y. and Wang, R. Z. (2015). Experimental study on silica gel-LiCl composite desiccants for desiccant coated heat exchanger. International Journal of Refrigeration Vol. 51, pp. 24–32.
[14] Kim, M., Yoon, D., Kim, H., and Jeong, J. (2016). Retrofit of a liquid desiccant and evaporative cooling-assisted 100% outdoor air system for enhancing energy saving potential. Applied Thermal Engineering Vol. 96, pp. 441–453.
[15] Rafique, M. M., Gandhidasan, P., and Bahaidarah, M. S. (2016a). Liquid desiccant materials and dehumidifiers – a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Vol. 56, pp. 179–195.
[16] Rafique, M. M., Gandhidasan, P., Rehman, S., and Al-Hadhrami, L. M. (2016b). Performance analysis of a desiccant evaporative cooling system under hot and humid conditions Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy Vol. 35 (5), pp. 1476–1484.
[17] Jani, D. B., Mishra, M., and Sahoo, P. K. (2016). Solid desiccant air conditioning – A state of the art review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Vol. 60, pp. 1451–1469.
[18] Federico, B., and Furbo, S. (2017). Development and validation of a detailed TRNSYS Matlab model for large solar collector fields for district heating applications. Energy DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2017.06.146.
[19] Jani, D. B., Mishra, M., and Sahoo, P. K. (2017). A critical review on solid desiccant based hybrid cooling systems. International Journal of Air-conditioning and Refrigeration Vol. 25, pp. 1-10.
[20] Jani, D. B., Mishra, M., and Sahoo, P. K. (2018). A critical review on application of solar energy as renewable regeneration heat source in solid desiccant – vapor compression hybrid cooling system. Journal of Building Engineering Vol. 18, pp. 107-124.
[21] Jani, D. B., Mishra, M., and Sahoo, P. K. (2018). Performance analysis of a solid desiccant assisted hybrid space cooling system using TRNSYS. Journal of Building Engineering Vol. 19, pp. 26-35.
[22] Jani, D. B., Mishra, M., and Sahoo, P. K. (2018). Investigations on effect of operational conditions on performance of solid desiccant based hybrid cooling system in hot and humid climate. Thermal Science and Engineering Progress Vol. 7, pp. 76-86.
[23] Jani, D. B., Lalkiya, D., and S. Patel. (2018). A critical review on evaporative desiccant cooling. International Journal of Innovative and Emerging Research in Engineering Vol. 5 (1), pp. 24-29.
[24] Jani, D. B., Mishra, M., and Sahoo, P. K. (2018). Applications of solar energy. Springer, Singapore, ISBN 978-981-10-7205-5.
[25] Dadi, M. J., Jani, D. B. (2019) Solar Energy as a Regeneration Heat Source in Hybrid Solid Desiccant – Vapor Compression Cooling System – A Review. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research Vol. 6 (5), pp. 421-425.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.