International Journal of Advanced Materials Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Advanced Materials Research, Vol.6, No.1, Mar. 2020, Pub. Date: Feb. 20, 2020
Physical and Mechanical Properties of Compacted Concrete Containing Waste Glass and Laterite as Replacements of Sand
Pages: 16-22 Views: 112 Downloads: 35
Authors
[01] Agani Christian, Laboratory of Applied Mechanics and Energetics, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin.
[02] Tchéhouali Adolphe Dègodji, Laboratory of Applied Mechanics and Energetics, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin.
[03] Toukourou Chakirou Akanho, Laboratory of Applied Mechanics and Energetics, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin.
[04] Sanya Emile Adjibadé, Laboratory of Applied Mechanics and Energetics, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin.
Abstract
In Benin, laterite is abundant and is largely used in housing construction especially in rural areas. Many studies have been conducted on laterized concretes obtained by partially or fully replacing sand by laterite. However, no one has considered the use of laterite in compacted concrete. The present work investigates the possibility of replacing fine aggregate by laterite and waste glass in compacted concrete. The mixtures were produced by partial replacement of sand at dosages of 0%, 30% and 40% by laterite and at dosages of 0%, 20% and 30% by waste glass. The physical properties (fresh and dry densities and water absorption) at 28 days and mechanical properties (flexural and compressive strength) at 7, 14, 28 and 90 days were studied. Results showed that concrete containing 30% laterite and 30% waste glass showed a compressive and flexural strengths higher than that of the control mix. Its compressive strength and flexural strength were 2.4% and 8.4%, respectively, higher than those of the control concrete at 28 days and 10.4% and 29.4 respectively higher at 90 days. Fresh and dry densities decreased as the waste glass and laterite percentage increased. However the water absorption increased with the increasing of waste glass and laterite, but were below 10%, showing that it is a good quality concrete. Therefore, concrete containing waste glass and laterite can be used in construction.
Keywords
Waste Glass, Laterite, Compacted Concrete, Flexural and Compressive Strengths, Density, Water Absorption
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