International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, Vol.1, No.2, Sep. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 23, 2015
Elimination of Dengue by Control of Aedes Vector Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Utilizing Copepods (Copepoda: Cyclopidae)
Pages: 101-106 Views: 1299 Downloads: 662
Authors
[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Abstract
This paper reports on the information and result of long-term laboratory and field studies on copepods (Copepoda: Cyclopidae) as predators for mosquito control inhabiting in tropic and subtropic environments. Mosquitoes have long been vectors of numerous diseases that affect human health and well-being in many parts of the world. Reducing the use of pesticides against insect vectors is one of the big demands of the society because public has always been against the heavy use of insecticides. Copepods are natural and tiny shrimp-like crustacean with a hearty appetite for feeding on mosquito larvae in water holding areas. The copepods thrive in fresh and marine water, and are valuable tool in battling mosquitoes in artificial containers, roadside ditches, small water pools, clogged downspouts and other wet areas that can breed plenty of mosquitoes. These are especially helpful tools in fighting mosquitoes near public places, where use of certain pesticides is restricted. Copepods are relatively easy to culture, maintain and deliver to the target areas, but getting the cultures started requires some effort and time. Copepods are more efficient predator of younger than of older larvae of mosquito and predation drops considerably for 4 days and older larvae. Copepods though prefer to prey on younger larvae, yet also increasingly attack on older larvae as greater predator densities reduce the supply of younger ones. Recent trials show that each copepod might destroy forty larvae per day, cutting Aedes breeding by 99 to 100 percent and in practice these can best be used where most of the local mosquito problem is due to Aedes breeding locations. Once established, copepods are able to survive and reproduce well to maintain viable populations under a wide variety of field conditions. The use of these biological control agents is only one small part of a statewide integrated approach to mosquito control, and not a replacement for long-established procedures. The future additional research can build up new ways of producing and keeping alive copepods that might target specifically dengue vector mosquitoes, but few realistic problems still need to overcome.
Keywords
Dengue, Copepods, Cyclopoida, Mosquito Control, Biological Control
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