International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, Vol.1, No.2, Sep. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 10, 2015
The Dangers of Pesticides Associated with Public Health and Preventing of the Risks
Pages: 130-136 Views: 1346 Downloads: 2822
[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Pesticides in most cases are designed to kill pests; however, many pesticides can also pose risks to the peoples. But, in many cases the amount of pesticide to which peoples are likely to be exposed, is too small to pose a health risk. To determine risks, one must consider both the toxicity and hazard of the pesticide and the likelihood of exposure. A low level of exposure to a very toxic pesticide may be no more dangerous than a high level of exposure to a relatively low toxicity pesticide. The health effects of pesticides depend on the type of pesticide, some chemicals such as the organophosphates and carbamates; affect the nervous system, while others may irritate the skin or eyes. Some pesticides may be carcinogens, but others can affect the hormone or endocrine system in the body. The product label may have more specific instructions and try to identify and use products that are low in toxicity. As a medical professional, collecting of a thorough and complete exposure history of patients is essential to treat the case of pesticide poisoning. In either scenario, it is important to minimize the adults and children exposure to pesticides. Precautionary, store all pesticides out of the reach of children and in case of any accidental occasion contact to a medical professional. One way to minimize exposure to pesticides is to take approaches called Integrated Vector Management (IVM) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) that are vector and pest control strategies which use a combination of methods to prevent and eliminate problems in the most effective and the least hazardous manner.
Pesticides, Integrated Management, Public Health, Preventing Risks, Health Effects
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