International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, Vol.1, No.3, Nov. 2015, Pub. Date: Jan. 16, 2016
The Paramount Benefits of Using Insecticides and Their Worldwide Importance in Food Production
Pages: 359-365 Views: 708 Downloads: 765
Authors
[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute for Food & Agriculture (NIFA), Tarnab, Peshawar, Pakistan.
[02] Muhammad Salman, Nuclear Institute for Food & Agriculture (NIFA), Tarnab, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Abstract
Various types of insecticides and treatment methods are available depending upon the attributes required in the particular application and the level of crop protection needed. Preferably, an insecticide must be deadly to the targeted pests, however not to non-target species, together with man, livestock and pets. Regrettably, this is not the case, thus the disagreement of usage and mishandling of insecticides has been raised. This study is carried out to identify and characterize the various types of benefits to support insecticides by focusing on the other neglected side of the coin, in which pests management chemicals make a positive and often essential contribution to crop protection. Among these, organochlorine insecticides have been used successfully in controlling a number of harmful insects, and after the technologically advanced the introduction of other synthetic insecticides like organophosphate, carbamate and pyrethroid, further contributed greatly to pest control needs and enhancement of agricultural output. Crop protection technologies allow producers to increase crop yields and efficiency of food production processes. Plant protection chemicals that reduce and eliminate insect damage allow the consumers to purchase high-quality products free of insect fragments. Without crop protection chemicals, food production would decline, many fruits and vegetables would be in short supply and prices would rise. Helping to keep food prices in check for the consumers is another large benefit of insecticides. Insecticides are the most effective substances to eliminate insects that cause human diseases such as malaria, dengue fever and typhus fever. Also, human health is supported against insect and fungi borne carcinogens, like aflatoxins, which is proceeding to hepatic and other cancers. Other positive aspects of crop protection chemicals on responsible and safe use include household pest control, pest control on vegetation in industry, infrastructure and recreation sites, and protection of areas against pests like wild animals, which cause land degradation. Insecticides will continue to be the main component of integrated pest management programs on plants for the predictable forthcoming periods. Simply, there are no other pest management tactics that may totally replace pesticides at this moment. The finding from the study is that the list of beneficial outcomes from sensible use of pesticides is long and provides compelling evidence that insecticides might continue to be a vital tool in the diverse range of technologies that can maintain and improve plants health to further improve living standards of the peoples around the world.
Keywords
Pesticide, Food Quality, Environment, Crop Protection, Insect Control
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