International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, Vol.1, No.3, Nov. 2015, Pub. Date: Jan. 16, 2016
Foodstuff Contaminations with Foodborne Pathogens Vehicled by Insect Vectors
Pages: 352-358 Views: 653 Downloads: 686
[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Department of Entomology, Nuclear Institute for Food & Agriculture (NIFA), Tarnab, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Transmission of certain diseases through food remained an important cause of illness in peoples both in developing and developed countries. This study aims to pinpoint the role of insect vectors for conveying foodborne pathogens for contamination of foodstuffs in the nearby houses and taking into consideration the possibility of tackling strategy. The public health importance of insect vectors cannot be overlooked as these cause illness that could be fatal or restrict working capacity, damage food and household goods and are a barrier to development of nation. There are several infectious diseases that are transmissible from non-human hosts to man, or from person to person. Humans may acquire infectious disease agents through a number of routes including food, water, direct contact and insect vectors. One of the most important issues associated with insects is their ability to transmit disease-producing pathogens such as protozoa, bacteria, viruses, tapeworms and nematodes to food. Insects may transmit these pathogens biologically to serve as an intermediate host (following an appropriate development of pathogen in the vector) or mechanically to act only as carrier (pathogen adheres to mouthparts, body, feet of vectors while feeding on infected hosts) to infect another food source. Food contaminating vectors such as flies, cockroaches, ants and stored products insects typically have high reproductive rates. The flies demonstrate significantly a higher prevalence for the presence of foodborne pathogens, and bacteria carried by these possess multi-antibiotic resistance profiles and enterotoxin. Humans commonly are exposed to high levels of potentially allergenic proteins associated with cockroaches, which can lead to significant respiratory ailments. Current studies displays that prevention of foodborne infections requires an integrated approach from farm to fork in food production systems. This involves measures aimed at eradication of infectious diseases within human population and prevention of contamination at all stages of the food supply chain. Amongst the most stringent guidelines is the rejection of food materials that could pose a risk to human health, adopting of human’s welfare standards, monitoring of disease within resident population, identification and traceability of individual person, and health requirements for food products imported into or traded within the state. Food hygiene standards at critical points throughout the food production process, and implementation of eradication and control strategies are important in prevention of contamination of food. In addition, an integrated vector management including a combination of two or more methods is often more effective than using a single method of control.
Vector, Foodborne Pathogens, Food Contamination, Health Safety
[01] Akre, R. D. and Reed, H. C. 2002. Ants, Wasps, and Bees (Hymenoptera). p. 383-409. In: Mullen, G.L. and Durden, L. A. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Academic Press, NY. p. 584.
[02] Allos, B. M. 2002. Campylobacter jejuni Infections: Update on emerging issues and trends. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 32: 1201-1206.
[03] Barreiro, C. Albano, H., Silva, J. and Teixeira, P. 2013. Role of Flies as Vectors of Foodborne Pathogens in Rural Areas. ISRN Microbiology, 2013: 718-780.
[04] Drees, B. M. and Vinson, S. B. 1993. Fire ants and their management. Texas Agricultural Extension Service, B-1536. Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas. 20 p.
[05] Eaton, D. L. and Groopman, J. D. 1994. The Toxicology of Aflatoxins. Academic Press, New York. p. 383-426.
[06] Foil, L. D. and Gorham, J. R. 2004. Mechanical Transmission of Disease Agents by Arthropods. Chapter 12. In: B. F. Eldridg and J. D. Edman (eds.), Medical Entomology, Revised Edition, Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 461-514.
[07] Gorham, J. R. 199l a. Insect and mite pests in food: An illustrated key. Vols. 1 and 2. USDA Agricultural Handbook No. 655.
[08] Gorham, J. R. 1991 b. Ecology and management of food industry pests. FDA Tech. Bull. No. 4. AOAC International, Arlington, VA.
[09] Gorham, J. R. 1994. Food, filth and disease: A review. p. 627-638. In: Y. H. Hui, J. R. Gorham, K. D. Murrell and D. O. Cliver (eds.), Foodborne disease handbook, Vol. 3. Marcel Dekker, New York.
[10] Lawson, J. R. and Gemmell, M. A. 1990. Transmission of taeniid tapeworm eggs via blowflies to intermediate hosts. Parasitol., 100: 143-146.
[11] Mpuchane, J., Allotey, I., Matsheka, M., Simpanya, S., Coetzee, S., Jordaan A., Mrema, N. and Gashe, B.A. 2006. Carriage of microorganisms by domesticated cockroaches and implications on food safety. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 26: 166-175.
[12] Olsen, A. R., Sidebottom, T. H. and Knight, S. A. 1996. Fundamentals of microanalytical entomology: A practical guide to detecting and identifying filth in foods. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
[13] Olsen, R. A. 1998. Regulatory action criteria for filth and other extraneous materials: III. Review of flies and foodborne enteric diseases. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 28: 199-211.
[14] Rivault, E., CIoarec, A. and Le Cuyader, A. 1993. Bacterial contamination of food by cockroaches. J. Environ. Health, 55: 21-22.
[15] Sarwar, M. 2004. Stored grain and stored product mites from Pakistan and Azad Kashmir. Pakistan & Gulf Economists, XXIII (10): 30-31.
[16] Sarwar, M. 2012. Frequency of Insect and mite Fauna in Chilies Capsicum annum L., Onion Allium cepa L. and Garlic Allium sativum L. Cultivated Areas, and their Integrated Management. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 3 (5): 173-178.
[17] Sarwar, M. 2013 a. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - A Constructive Utensil to Manage Plant Fatalities. Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, 2 (3): 1-4.
[18] Sarwar, M. 2013 b. Development and Boosting of Integrated Insect Pests Management in Stored Grains. Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, 2 (4): 16-20.
[19] Sarwar, M. 2015 a. Insect Vectors Involving in Mechanical Transmission of Human Pathogens for Serious Diseases. International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 1 (3): 300-306.
[20] Sarwar, M. 2015 b. Insect Borne Diseases Transmitted by Some Important Vectors of Class Insecta Hurtling Public Health. International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 1 (3): 311-317.
[21] Sarwar, M. 2015 c. Skin Disorders Inflicted Through Insect Invertebrates Along with Diagnosis and Treating of Cases. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, 1 (4): 233-240.
[22] Sarwar, M. 2015 d. Distinguishing and Controlling Insect Pests of Stored Foods for Improving Quality and Safety. American Journal of Marketing Research, 1 (3): 201-207.
[23] Sarwar, M. 2015 e. Extermination of Insect Pests (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Damage of Stored Pulses by Different Methods in Market. American Journal of Marketing Research, 1 (3): 99-105.
[24] Sarwar, M. 2015 f. Protecting Dried Fruits and Vegetables against Insect Pests Invasions during Drying and Storage. American Journal of Marketing Research, 1 (3): 142-149.
[25] Service, M. 2012 a. House flies and Stable flies (Muscidae) and latrine flies (Fanniidae). 139-156. In: Medical Entomology for Students. Fifth Edition. Cambridge University Press. The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge, UK. p. 303.
[26] Service, M. 2012 b. Flies and Myiasis. 157-175. In: Medical Entomology for Students. Fifth Edition. Cambridge University Press. The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge, UK. p. 303.
[27] Service, M. 2012 c. Triatomine Bugs (Triatominae). 210-218. In: Medical Entomology for Students. Fifth Edition. Cambridge University Press. The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge, UK. p. 303.
[28] Service, M. 2012 d. Cockroaches (Blattaria). 219-225. In: Medical Entomology for Students. Fifth Edition. Cambridge University Press. The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge, UK. p. 303.
[29] Siddiqui, Q. H. and Sarwar, M. 2002. Pre and post harvest losses in wheat. Pakistan and Gulf Economist, XXI (6): 30-32.
[30] Zurek, L. and Gorham, J. R. 2008. Insects as Vectors of Foodborne Pathogens. Part 3. Key Application Areas- Agriculture and Food Supply. Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.