International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science
Articles Information
International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, Vol.1, No.2, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 23, 2015
Seed-Coating Agent Affects on the Physiology and Biochemistry of Astragalus
Pages: 74-80 Views: 3296 Downloads: 1282
Authors
[01] Xiu-Bo Liu, Pharmacy School, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin, PR China; Key Laboratory of Forest Tree Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, PR China.
[02] Wei-Chao Ren, Pharmacy School, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin, PR China.
[03] Song Yan, Pharmacy School, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin, PR China.
[04] Li-Ying Sun, Pharmacy School, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin, PR China.
[05] Ling Ma, Key Laboratory of Forest Tree Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, PR China.
[06] Wei Ma, Pharmacy School, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin, PR China; Key Laboratory of Forest Tree Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, PR China.
Abstract
Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge (AR, Huangqi in Chinese), one of the most important medicinal plants in Asia, was found to exhibit various bioactivities. We developed the appropriate seed coating technology to encounter agronomic and cultivation and carried the seed physiological effects and mechanisms. To better understand the effect and mechanism of seed-coating agent (SCA) on the physiology and biochemistry of AR, the physiological and biochemical effects of SCA on AR were studied under field experiment. The results showed that the seed treated with SCA obviously increased germination rate of AR seed, maintained dramatically higher vigor of root, and chlorophyll content, promoted the area of photosynthesis, significantly improved the dry weight of root, stem, leaf and accumulated more soluble sugar, when compared with the uncoated without the treatment, which provided a guarantee to enhance the hardness resistance of seedlings, and finally to enhance the quality of AR. It can improve photosynthesis and accelerate metabolism, promote the formation and transformation of proteins and carbohydrates, thus providing more material and energy for growth and development of AR. Seed coating can improve astragaloside content, improve the quality of AR, so as to improve medicinal value.
Keywords
Astragalus membranaceus, Seed-Coating Agent, Physiology, Biochemistry
References
[01] Liu XB, Ma L, Zhang AH, Zhang YH, Jiang J, Ma W, Zhang LM, Ren WC, Kong XJ. High-throughput analysis and characterization of Astragalus membranaceus transcriptome using 454 GS FLX. PLoS One. 2014;9(5):e95831.
[02] Fu J, Huang L, Zhang H, Yang S, Chen S. Structural features of a polysaccharide from Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. var. mongholicus (Bge.) Hsiao. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2013;15(6):687-92.
[03] Li Z, Zhang L, He W, Zhu C, Yang J, Sheng M. Astragalus membranaceus Inhibits Peritoneal Fibrosis via Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein (MCP)-1 and the Transforming Growth Factor-β1 (TGF-β1) Pathway in Rats Submitted to Peritoneal Dialysis. Int J Mol Sci. 2014;15(7):12959-71.
[04] Chen W, Xia Y, Zhao X, Wang H, Chen W. The critical role of Astragalus polysaccharides for the improvement of PPARα [correction of PPRAα]-mediated lipotoxicity in diabetic cardiomyopathy. PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e45541.
[05] Lee DY, Noh HJ, Choi J, Lee KH, Lee MH. Anti-inflammatory cycloartane-type saponins of Astragalus membranaceus. Molecules 18(4):3725-32.
[06] Du HW, Zhao XL, Zhang AH, Yao L, Zhang YY (2014) Rapid Separation, Identification and Analysis of Astragalus membranaceus Fisch Using Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. J Chromatogr Sci 52(3):226-31.
[07] Hong MJ, Ko EB, Park SK, Chang MS. Inhibitory effect of Astragalus membranaceus root on matrix metalloproteinase-1 collagenase expression and procollagen destruction in ultraviolet B-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts by suppressing nuclear factor kappa-B activity. J Pharm Pharmacol 2013, 65(1):142-8.
[08] Xu X, Li F, Zhang X, Li P, Zhang X, Wu Z, Li D. In vitro synergistic antioxidant activity and identification of antioxidant components from Astragalus membranaceus and Paeonia lactiflora. PLoS One. 2014;9(5):e96780.
[09] Tong X, Xiao D, Yao F, Huang T. Astragalus membranaceus as a cause of increased CA19-9 and liver and kidney cysts: a case report. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2014. doi: 10.1111/jcpt.12173.
[10] Yao M, Qi Y, Bi K, Wang X, Luo X, et al. (2000) A precolumn derivatization high-performance liquid chromatographic method with improved sensitivity and specificity for the determination of astragaloside IV in Radix Astragali. Journal of Chromatographic Science 38:325-328.
[11] Brooker NL, Lagalle CD, Zlatanic A, Javni I, Petrovic Z. Soy polyol formulations as novel seed treatments for the management of soil-borne diseases of soybean. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2007;72(2):35-43.
[12] Venne J, Beed F, Avocanh A, Watson A. Integrating Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. strigae into cereal cropping systems in Africa. Pest Manag Sci. 2009;65(5):572-80.
[13] Hannan MA, Hasan MM, Hossain I, Rahman SM, Ismail AM, Oh DH. Integrated management of foot rot of lentil using biocontrol agents under field condition. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012 Jul;22(7):883-8.
[14] Dong HZ. Underlying mechanisms and related techniques of stand establishment of cotton on coastal saline-alkali soil. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2012;23(2):566-72.
[15] Wang K, Yan PS, Cao LX, Ding QL, Shao C, Zhao TF. Potential of chitinolytic Serratia marcescens strain JPP1 for biological control of Aspergillus parasiticus and aflatoxin. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:397142.
[16] Lv L, Wu SY, Wang GF, Zhang JJ, Pang JX, Liu ZQ, Xu W, Wu SG, Rao JJ. Effect of astragaloside IV on hepatic glucose-regulating enzymes in diabetic mice induced by a high-fat diet and streptozotocin. Phytother Res. 2010;24(2):219-24.
[17] Tu L, Pan CS, Wei XH, Yan L, Liu YY, Fan JY, Mu HN, Li Q, Li L, Zhang Y, He K, Mao XW, Sun K, Wang CS, Yin CC, Han JY. Astragaloside IV protects heart from ischemia and reperfusion injury via energy regulation mechanisms. Microcirculation. 2013;20(8):736-47.
[18] Luo Y, Qin Z, Hong Z, Zhang X, Ding D, Fu JH, Zhang WD, Chen J. Astragaloside IV protects against ischemic brain injury in a murine model of transient focal ischemia. Neurosci Lett. 2004;363(3):218-23.
[19] Zhu J, Lee S, Ho MK, Hu Y, Pang H, Ip FC, Chin AC, Harley CB, Ip NY, Wong YH. In vitro intestinal absorption and first-pass intestinal and hepatic metabolism of cycloastragenol, a potent small molecule telomerase activator. Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2010;25(5):477-86.
[20] He Y, Xi J, Zheng H, Zhang Y, Jin Y, Xu Z. Astragaloside IV inhibits oxidative stress-induced mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening by inactivating GSK-3β via nitric oxide in H9c2 cardiac cells. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2012;2012:935738.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.