International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science
Articles Information
International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, Vol.1, No.2, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 21, 2015
Phytochemical Analysis of Gongronema latifolium Benth Leaf Using Gas Chromatographic Flame Ionization Detector
Pages: 60-68 Views: 1674 Downloads: 4816
Authors
[01] Chinedu Imo, Department of Biochemistry, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria.
[02] Friday O. Uhegbu, Department of Biochemistry, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria.
Abstract
The aim of this study is to analyze the phytochemicals present in the leaf of Gongronema latifolium (Benth). The leaf of Gongronema latifolium (Benth) was harvested and sun-dried. The dried leaf was milled to fine powder. The milled leaf powder was weighed and used for the phytochemical analysis. Gas chromatographic flame ionization detector was used to quantify the phytochemicals analyzed. The results show the presence of different types of Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Total phenolic compound, Lignan, Terpenes, Sterol, Allicin, Hydroxycinnamic acids, Saponin and Carotinoid. Some of the phytochemicals detected in high quantities among the different groups of phytochemicals analyzed in 100g of Gongronema latifolium (Benth) leaf include Cinchonidine 52.47mg, Oxoassoanine 43.51mg, Lupanine 35.65mg and Buphanidrine 33.33mg (Alkaloids), Hyperoside 37.54mg, Quercetin 31.03mg and Kaemferol 24.80mg (Flavonoids), Tannic acid 116.60mg, Ferulic acid 82.26mg and Vanillic acid 64.17mg (Total phenolic compound), Retusin 4.40mg and Galgravin 4.33mg (Lignan), Nerol (geraniol) 33.05mg and Beta pinene 32.79mg (Terpenes), 5-avenasterol 9.42mg and Stigmasterol 4.89mg (Sterol), Chlorogenic acid 48.87mg and Caffeic acid 23.01mg (Hydroxycinnamic acids), Saponine 59.11mg and Sapogenin 50.79mg (Saponin) and Beta-crytoxanthin 433.14mg, Xanthophylls 311.36mg and Carotene 158.36mg (Carotenoid). The result shows that Gongronema latifolium (Benth) leaf possess an appreciable level of phytochemicals. It could be a good raw material for the production of some medicinal drugs and can be used in folk medicine for the treatment of some diseases.
Keywords
Phytochemicals, Medicine, Gongronema latifolium Benth, Diseases
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