International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science
Articles Information
International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, Vol.1, No.4, Dec. 2015, Pub. Date: Sep. 13, 2015
Physico-Chemical Quality of Reservoir Sediments Under Long-Term Amendment with Organic Manure
Pages: 218-221 Views: 4565 Downloads: 1076
[01] Jude Chidozie Nnaji, Department of Chemistry, Michael University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria.
Physico-chemical parameters of sediments samples collected from a 1.5 ha reservoir which was amended with organic manure over a fifteen year period were analysed and mean pH, conductivity, organic matter, nitrate and total nitrogen had values of 7.57 ±0.80, 355.7 ±115.71 µScm-1, 8.78 ±1.83 %, 12.12 ±5.53 mg kg-1 and 49.70 ±21.81 mg kg-1, respectively. Total phosphorus, available phosphorus and cation exchange capacity had mean values of 74.61 ±41.50 mg kg-1, 12.46 ±5.84 mg kg-1 and 16.48 ±4.72 mmol cm-1, respectively. Total heavy metals were determined in the samples and mean Zn concentration was significantly higher (P<0.05) than the mean concentrations of other metals. The profile of mean metal concentrations in the bed sediments was Zn>Cu>Pb>Ni>Cr>Cd. Mean Cd, Cu and Zn concentrations exceed the USEPA (1997) threshold effect levels in sediments and this is due to the long term application of manure without the dredging of the reservoir.
Reservoir, Sediment, Manure, Physico-Chemical, Metals
[01] Alkhalaf NA, Osman AK, Salama KA. Monitoring of aflatoxins and heavy metals in some poultry feeds. African Journal of Food Science2010; 4(4): 192-199.
[02] Cang L, Wang Y, Zhou D, Dong Y. Heavy metals pollution in poultry and livestock feeds and manures under intensive farming in Jiangsu Province, China. Journal of Environmental Sciences 2004; 16(3): 371-374.
[03] Zhou XD, Kot SC. Heavy metals ion adsorption on sediments of the Weiho and Hanjiang Rivers, China. Journal of Environmental Hydrology 1995; 3: 125- 132.
[04] Forstner U, Wittmann GTW. Metal pollution in the aquatic environment, Springer, Berlin, 1981, 36-49.
[05] Chapman D. Water Quality Assessment. Chapman and Hall, London, 1992, 50-54.
[06] Araujo MF, Bernard PC, Van Grieken RE. Heavy metal contamination in sediments from the Belgian Coast and Sheldt estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin1988; 19: 269-273.
[07] Zvinowanda CM, Okonkwo JO, Shabalala PN, Agyei NM. A novel adsorbent for heavy metal remediation in aqueous environments. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 2009; 6(3): 425-434.
[08] Gupte A, Shaikh N. Sediment Analysis of Shelar Lake, Maharashtra, Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: H Environment & Earth Science2014; 14(3): 10-15.
[09] Nnaji JC, Uzairu A, Gimba CE, KagbuJA. Heavy metal accumulation in Oreochromis niloticus and Clarias gariepinus from an integrated chicken-fish system,African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry2012; 6(7): 86-99.
[10] Agbenin JO. Laboratory Manual for Soil and Plant Analysis, Dept. of Soil Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, 1995, 30-72.
[11] Elith M, Garwood S. Investigations into the levels of Heavy metals within Manly Dam catchment. Freshwater Ecology Report 2001. Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney, 2001.
[12] Bray RA, Kurtz LT. Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in Soils. Soil Science 1965: 59, 39-45.
[13] APHA, AWWA, WEF. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater, 19th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington D.C., 1995.
[14] Shriadah MMA. Heavy Metals in Mangrove Sediments of the United Arab Emirates Shoreline (Arabian Gulf), Water, Air and Soil Pollution 1999; 116: 523-534.
[15] Das AK. Role of Physical and Chemical features of soil in reservoir productivity. Fishing Chimes 2000; 20(7): 30-32.
[16] Nnaji JC, Omotugba S. Physico-chemical Quality of Drinking Water in New Bussa, Niger State, Nigeria. International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 2014; 4(4): 437-446.
[17] Cornell University Cooperative Extension. Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC). Agronomy Fact Sheet 2007; 22: 1-2.
[18] United States Environmental Protection Agency. The incidence and severity of sediment contamination in surface waters of the United States, EPA 823-R-97-00, 1997.
[19] Widianarko B, Verweij RA, Van Gestel CAM, Van Straalen NM. Spatial distribution of trace metals in sediments from urban streams of Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2000; 46: 95-100.
[20] Uzairu A, Harrison GFS, Balarabe ML, Nnaji JC. Trace Metal Assessment of River Kubanni, Northern Nigeria. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia 2008: 23(1): 9-17.
[21] Garbarino JR, Hayes HC, Roth DA, Antweiler RC, Brinton TI, Taylor HE. Heavy Metals in the Mississippi River. In: Contaminants in the Mississippi River, Meade RH(ed), Reston, Virginia, 1995.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.