International Journal of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science
Articles Information
International Journal of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Vol.6, No.2, Jun. 2021, Pub. Date: Sep. 26, 2021
An Integrated IoT-based Gas-smoke Detection System with Automatic Electronic Alarm System
Pages: 7-17 Views: 1106 Downloads: 322
[01] Vincent Andrew Akpan, Department of Biomedical Technology, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
[02] Aghogho Stanley Eyefia, Department of Physics Electronics, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
[03] Grace Moradeke Adewumi, Department of Computer Science, College of Education, Ikere-Ekiti, Nigeria.
This paper presents the design, development and deployment of an IoT-based (Internet-of-Things based) real-time embedded system for gas-smoke detection (GASMOD) system with an automatic alarm system. The proposed GASMOD system consist of four major components, namely: 1) MQ-2 smoke sensor for smoke concentration detection; 2) MQ-5 gas sensor for gas concentration detection; 3) Two YJD1602A-1 16-by-2 liquid crystal display (LCD) modules which displays whether or not gas and/or smoke has been detected; and 4) an automatic electronic alarm system which incorporates a 25-Watt audio power amplifier that is triggered whenever gas and/or smoke is detected. The above modules are integrated and interfaced to an Internet-ready real-time embedded Arduino Mega2560 development board for realization of the proposed GASMOD system. The proposed GASMOD system has been designed, constructed and deployed for gas and smoke detection with real-time excellent performance. The proposed GASMOD system can be adapted and deployed in environments to monitor the concentration of hazardous gases and smoke in homes, industrial, research laboratories, amongst others against an acceptable prescribed threshold values.
Automation, Real-Time Embedded System, Gas-Smoke Detection, Internet-of-Things (IoT), Smart Sensors
[01] D. Zampioglou and J. Kalomiros, “An Electronic Nose System Sensitive To Aroma Of Ascomycete Tuber”, Sensors & Transducers, vol. 187, no. 4, pp. 23-28, 2015.
[02] A. Lacey (2021), “Humphry Davy and the safety lamp controversy”, Retrieved from
[03] 16x2 LCD Module (2021). Retrieved on the 16th of May, 2021. Available [Online]:
[04] Petro Industry News. (2021), “Understanding the Principles of catalytic bead technology”, Retrieved from https://www.petro
[05] S. B. Reddy, (2021), “Infrared open path gas detectors working principle”, Retrieved from
[06] Pellistors (2021), “Pellistors”, Retrieved from
[07] T. Melling. RS Catalogue. East Sussex, U.K: Enigma Corporation Limited, 2019.
[08] P. Linde (2021), “Flame ionization detector”, Retrieved on the 27th of February 2021 from
[09] T. H. Mujawar, V. D. Bachuwar, M. S. Kasbe, A. D. Shaligram and L. P. Deshmukh, “Development of wireless sensor network system for LPG gas leakage detection system”, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 558-563, 2015.
[10] V. Ramya and B. Palaniappan, “Embedded system for hazardous gas detection and alerting”, International Journal of Distributed and Parallel Systems, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 287 – 300, 2012.
[11] T. Wellem and B. Setiawan, “A microcontroller-based room temperature monitoring system”, International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 7 – 10, 2012.
[12] D. Lucht, (2021). “Where There’s Smoke”. Retrieved from
[13] Fact Sheet on Smoke Detectors (2021). In NRC. Retrieved March 7, 2017 from Nuclear/Regulation/Commission.
[14] D. F. Steele and R. B. Enemark, U.S. Patent No. 3863076. Rockland, MA. Electro Signal Lab Inc., 1975.
[15] S. S. Patil and J. Singh, “Monitoring and controlling of hazardous gases inside vehicle and alerting using GSM technology for the safety of people inside the vehicle” International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology”, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 238 – 243, 2015.
[16] V. R. Krishna, C. Maanvi, P. Ramya and Y. Anusha, “Smoke detection using internet of things”, International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol. 116, pp. 109-114, 2017.
[17] R. C. Pandey, M. Verma and L. K. Sahu, “Internet-of-Things (IOT) based on gas leakage monitoring and alerting system with MQ-2 sensor”, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 2135 – 2137, 2017.
[18] L. K. Patle, A. M. Khodpe, M. A. O. Samrit, D. D. Tirpude, L. Bahekar and M. Bisen, “Hazardous gases detection and alerting using embedded system” International Journal of Research in Science & Engineering, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 5 – 11, 2017.
[19] Component 101 (2021). Retrieved on the 24th of June 2021 from
[20] K. Kaur, (18th June, 2021). “Electrochemical gas sensors”. Retrieved from
[21] Arduino Mega (7th April, 2021). [Online] Available:
[22] V. A. Akpan and S. A. Eyefia, “The Development of an Enhanced Obstacle Detection System with Alarm Based on the Internet-of-Things”, African Journal of Computing and ICT. pp. 1 – 10, 2021 (Accepted).
[23] V. A. Akpan and M. T. Babalola, “The development of a Model automatic electromechanical vending machine”, Journal of Science & Technology Research, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 121 – 131, 2009.
[24] Maplin Professional System. A Product Handbook (Project and Modules). Rayleigh, Essex. UK: Maplin Components, 2003.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.