International Journal of Education and Information Technology
Articles Information
International Journal of Education and Information Technology, Vol.2, No.3, Jun. 2016, Pub. Date: Jul. 8, 2016
Parents Socio-Economic Status and Students Academic Performance in Nigeria Educational System
Pages: 14-18 Views: 3168 Downloads: 9102
Authors
[01] M. T. Usman, Department of Primary Education Studies, Federal College of Education, Kano State, Nigeria.
[02] U. Mukhtar, Department of Primary Education Studies, Federal College of Education, Kano State, Nigeria.
[03] S. Auwal, Ministry of Education, Kano State, Nigeria.
Abstract
Many years ago, in Nigerian education system intelligence was thought to be the sole determinant of academic achievement of students but nowadays, emphasis is on parent socio-economic status which greatly affects student educational achievement, educational process take place either formally or informally. Its benefits to individuals and society include economic and social development. From the economic point of view, education is regarded both as consumption and investment but only few peoples understand. Higher academic performance could be traced to active parental influence and participation in the student aspects. These influences includes togetherness of parents, parent involvement, profession, interest in education, learning materials at home, family size, stability, background, social stratification and socio-economic status of parents which consider to be a major factor in determining the academic achievement of students. If family are involve or participate in the child education in positive ways, so many noticeable changes will be observed which can be overt or covert, these are attitude, behavior, test score, attendance records, rate of graduations and high number of enrollment in higher education. The study samples were randomly selected from four (4) secondary schools in Dala local government area of Kano State which consists of eighty (80) students was selected. Well instructed questionnaire was the major instrument used in collecting data for this research which is validated by the use of pilot study. The students were intimated with goals of the research, confidentiality of their responses and how to respond to the questions or items on the questionnaire. The correlations between two responses and the result revealed a significant of (p < 0.05) which was proved statistically to be significant. Government should embarks on public enlightenment campaigns on the essential need for equal education of both boys and girls, consider the income and expenditure of parents and regulate the prices of school fees, educational materials and more public libraries should be built in many areas of the country.
Keywords
Educational System, Parents Socio-Economic Status, Students Performance and Educational Achievement
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