International Journal of Education and Information Technology
Articles Information
International Journal of Education and Information Technology, Vol.3, No.4, Dec. 2018, Pub. Date: Oct. 9, 2018
Analysis on Employment Situation of Japanese Elderly Women and Its Enlightenment to China
Pages: 112-118 Views: 1509 Downloads: 379
[01] Wang Jiadong, Department of Foreign Language, Shandong Jiaotong University, Jinan, China.
The problem of aging population has always been an important issue concerned by all countries in the world. In the process of aging population, the life expectancy of female population is generally higher than that of male population. The longevity gap between men and women is increasing, and the number of elderly female population is in a period of rapid growth. According to the US Census Bureau, the number of elderly women aged 60 and above in the world will reach 650 million in 2025. The proportion of the elderly female population in the developed countries will increase from 10% in 1996 to 14.3%. In 75 developing countries, the elderly female population will also increase by 1.5 times. It is predicted that in 2050, the elderly women aged 80 and above will account for 21.7% of all the elderly female population. The feminization of the aging population brings about a series of new problems in the economic, health and medical care, marriage and family of the elderly women. At the same time, the significance of elderly women's participation in society and how to participate in social issues have attracted the attention of the international community. Japan, one of the most aging countries in the world, has long been widely supported by the view that face the shortage of labor caused by aging actively and the elderly population is essential. In this paper, on the basis of the existing research results, the author take the elderly women as the research object and take the elderly men as the reference,make a comparative analysis between China and Japan on the structure of working age population, employment rate, industry distribution and employment form, study on the employment status and changes of the elderly women in the two countries. The author also explores the background of promoting the employment of older women in Japan, from the perspective of government policies, life expectancy, health and employment intention.
Aging Population, Elderly Women, Employment Status, Japan, Laboring-Age Population, Enlightenment
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