International Journal of Education and Information Technology
Articles Information
International Journal of Education and Information Technology, Vol.5, No.1, Mar. 2021, Pub. Date: Aug. 20, 2021
An Experimental Study Comparing the Effectiveness of Mobile Learning and Text Learning on Knowledge Retention Among MMMC Students
Pages: 1-15 Views: 594 Downloads: 114
Authors
[01] Hirrainny Ramu Naidu, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
[02] Tharuki Uththara Rajapakshe, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
[03] Nicholas Yee Nuen Zhe, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
[04] Lye Jia Cai, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
[05] Annabelle Ang Hwee Yee, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
Abstract
Mobile learning, also known as m-learning, is a new way to access learning content using mobiles that embraces the utilization of mobile technology to accomplish universal learning at all times and all places. The purpose of this parallel randomized control trial is to find out whether mobile learning or traditional learning method is more effective in the retention of knowledge and to assess the student’s satisfactory level with mobile learning in medical students of Melaka Manipal Medical College, Malaysia. 50 undergraduate medical students voluntarily participated in our study. Block randomization was done which separated the students into 2 groups consisting of 25 students using mobile learning and another 25 students using text learning. The group of students assigned to M- Learning carried out their session on using Population Collapse app while the text learning group were given the text material. The short term knowledge retention and satisfaction were assessed according to the total test score which was conducted after the learning session. Chi square test and unpaired t test were used for statistical analysis. The participants who were assigned to mobile learning scored higher results compared to text learning group. This indicates that mobile learning helps in knowledge retention which enabled the participants to score better than those in text learning. 84% participants were satisfied with mobile learning whereas 80% were satisfied with text learning. However, there is no significance as the p value was more than 0.05 (P value= 0.54). Majority of the medical students’ knowledge retention were enhanced due to mobile learning. Interventions should be implemented to improve knowledge retention and encourage the usage of mobile learning among medical students so that the learning will be more efficient.
Keywords
Mobile Learning, Knowledge Retention, Satisfaction, Randomized Controlled Trial
References
[01] Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC). Laporan Tahunan 2017 [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 Dec 18]. Available from: https://www.skmm.gov.my/skmmgovmy/media/General/pdf/AR-2017-BM.pd
[02] Ismail I, Azizan SN, Gunasegaran T. Mobile Learning in Malaysian Universities: Are Students Ready? International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM). 2016 Jul 26; 10 (3): 17.
[03] Drigas AS, Ioannidou R-E, Kokkalia G, Lytras MD. ICTs, Mobile Learning and Social Media to Enhance Learning for Attention Difficulties [Internet]. Journal of Universal Computer Science; 2014 [cited 2019 Dec 18] p. 1499–510. Available from: http://www.jucs.org/jucs_20_10/icts_mobile_learning_and/jucs_20_10_1499_1510_drigas.pdf
[04] Willms J. STUDENT ENGAGEMENT AT SCHOOL A SENSE OF BELONGING AND PARTICIPATION RESULTS FROM PISA 2000 [Internet]. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris; 2003 [cited 2019 Oct 11]. Available from: http://www.oecd.org/education/school/programmeforinternationalstudentassessmentpisa/33689437.pdf
[05] Dzakiria H. New Technology Takes the Distance Out of Distance Learning [Internet]. CSU Online ValuED Blog. Malaysian Online Journal ofInstructional Technology, vol.1, no.1, 2004.; 2015 [cited 2019 Dec 18]. Available from: http://blog.online.colostate.edu/blog/online-teaching/new-technology-takes-the-distance-out-of-distance-learning/
[06] Passey D, Rogers C, Machell J, Mchugh G. The Motivational Effect of ICT on Pupils RESEARCH [Internet]. http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130401151715/ http://www.education.gov.uk/publications/eOrderingDownload/Df ES-0794-2003.pdf. Nottingham, DfES; 2004 [cited 2019 Dec 18]. Available from: http://downloads01.smarttech.com/media/research/international_research/uk/lancaster_report.pdf
[07] Subramaniam G. Confronting Asian Concerns in Engaging Learners to Online Education. International Education Studies [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2019 Dec 18]; 1 (4): 10–8. Available from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1065422
[08] Nee|Yahaya K. Review of Mobile Learning Trends 2010-2015: A Meta-Analysis. Educational Technology & Society [Internet]. 2017; 20 (2): 113–26. Available from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1137658
[09] Hung J-L, Ke Zhang. Examining Mobile Learning Trends 2003-2008: A Categorical Meta-Trend Analysis Using Text Mining Techniques. Journal of Computing in Higher Education [Internet]. 2012 Apr [cited 2019 Dec 18]; 24 (1): 1–17. Available from: https://www.learntechlib.org/p/68010/
[10] Vázquez-Cano E. Mobile Distance Learning with Smartphones and Apps in Higher Education. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice [Internet]. 2014; 14 (4): 1505–20. Available from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1045122
[11] Kim S-J, Shin H, Lee J, Kang S, Bartlett R. A smartphone application to educate undergraduate nursing students about providing care for infant airway obstruction. Nurse Education Today [Internet]. 2017 Jan [cited 2019 Dec 18]; 48: 145–52. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0260691716302350
[12] BABAZADE KAMANGAR M, JAHANIAN I, GHOLINAI H, ABBAS ZADEH H. A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF MOBILE-BASED EDUCATION ON DENTAL STUDENTS’ LEARNING IN PRACTICAL COURSE OF ORAL PATHOLOGY. Www.sid.ir [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2019 Dec 18]; 9 (22): 21–6. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=507048
[13] Pimmer C, Mateescu M, Zahn C, Genewein U. Smartphones as Multimodal Communication Devices to Facilitate Clinical Knowledge Processes: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research [Internet]. 2013 Nov 28 [cited 2019 Dec 19]; 15 (11): e263. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3868983/
[14] Clark JM, Paivio A. Dual coding theory and education. Educational Psychology Review [Internet]. 1991 Sep [cited 2019 Nov 9]; 3 (3): 149–210. Available from: http://www.umich.edu/~rdytolrn/pathwaysconference/presentations/paivio.pdf
[15] Mayer RE. Applying the science of learning to medical education. Medical Education [Internet]. 2010 Jun [cited 2019 Mar 20]; 44 (6): 543–9. Available from: http://content.ebscohost.com/ContentServer.asp?EbscoContent=dGJyMNXb4kSeqK44y9fwOLCmr1GeprRSsay4TLWWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGosFCwrLBJuePfgeyx9Yvf5ucA&T=P&P=AN&S=R&D=ccm&K=105207855
[16] Paivio A. Mental imagery in associative learning and memory. Psychological Review [Internet]. 1969 [cited 2019 Nov 22]; 76 (3): 241–63. Available from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a515/c6ef747b69d103305e8e326390f05d5f8caa.pdf
[17] Baddeley AD, Hitch G. Working Memory. Psychology of Learning and Motivation. 1974; 8–89.
[18] Sweller J. Cognitive Load During Problem Solving: Effects on Learning. Cognitive Science. 1988 Apr; 12 (2): 257–85.
[19] Sweller J, van Merrienboer JJG, Paas FGWC. Cognitive architecture and instructional design. Educational Psychology Review. 1998; 10 (3): 251–96.
[20] Rummel N, Spada H. Instructional Support for Collaboration in Desktop Videoconference Settings. Barriers and Biases in Computer-Mediated Knowledge Communication [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 Dec 19]; 14 (2): 59–88. Available from: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/0-387-24319-4_4
[21] Pearson J. Investigating ICT Using Problem-Based Learning in Face-to-Face and Online Learning Environments. Computers and Education [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 Dec 19]; 47 (1): 56–73. Available from: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22ICT+in+business%22&id=EJ732130
[22] Kester L, Lehnen C, Van Gerven PWM, Kirschner PA. Just-in-time, schematic supportive information presentation during cognitive skill acquisition. Computers in Human Behavior [Internet]. 2006 Jan [cited 2019 Dec 19]; 22 (1): 93–112. Available from: https://core.ac.uk/display/55534655
[23] Rondon S, Sassi FC, Furquim de Andrade CR. Computer game-based and traditional learning method: a comparison regarding students’ knowledge retention. BMC Medical Education. 2013 Feb 25; 13 (1).
[24] Fahad N, Al-Fahad F. STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOBILE LEARNING IN KING SAUD UNIVERSITY, SAUDI ARABIA. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2019 Dec 12]; 8 (2): 1303–6521. Available from: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED505940.pdf
[25] Khaddage, F.; Lanham, E.; Zhou, W. A mobile learning model for universities : reblending the current learning environment. International journal of interactive mobile technologies [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2019 Dec 24]; 3 (Supp 1): 18–23. Available from: http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30051955
[26] McMahon M, Pospisil R. Laptops for a Digital Lifestyle: The Role of Ubiquitous Mobile Technology in Supporting the Needs of Millennial Students [Internet]. Research Online. 2011 [cited 2019 Dec 24]. Available from: https://ro.ecu.edu.au/ecuworks/2636/
[27] Oblinger D. “Boomers, Gen-Xers, and Millennials: Understanding the New Students. EDUCAUSE Review [Internet]. 2003 [cited 2019 Oct 28]; 38 (4): 36-40, 42, 44-45. Available from: https://www.naspa.org/images/uploads/main/OblingerD_2003)_Boomers_gen-Xers_and_millennials_Understanding_the_new_students.pdf
[28] Granito, Mark and Chernobilsky, Ellina, "The Effect of Technology on a Student's Motivation and Knowledge Retention" (2012). NERA Conference Proceedings 2012. 17. https://opencommons.uconn.edu/nera_2012/17
[29] Creately [Internet]. App.creately.com. 2020 [cited 7 January 2020]. Available from: https://app.creately.com/diagram/oqVSMTyk7qB/edit
[30] Research Randomizer [Internet]. Randomizer.org. 2020 [cited 7 January 2020]. Available from: https://www.randomizer.org/
[31] Furió D, Juan M-C, Seguí I, Vivó R. Mobile learning vs. traditional classroom lessons: a comparative study. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 2014 May 22; 31 (3): 189–201.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.